Napoleon I Bonaparte 1769-1821
Napoleon I, or in French
Napoléon Bonaparte, was a highly ambitious
career soldier with remarkable intellectual capacity and charisma.
He became one of the greatest military leaders in history, Emperor
of France, and eventually a legend.
Inspired by his successful expansion of French territory and
influence, Napoleon grew increasingly megalomaniacal.
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Corsica was annexed by France just three months before Napoleon’s
birth on the island. Although educated on the continent, Napoleon
later made several trips back to Corsica and became involved in
Napoleon — Early Military Years
Napoleon achieved his early military victories at Toulon, France, and
later in Paris against revolting royalists.
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After launching a
brilliant military campaign against Sardinia, Italy, and Austria,
went on to undertake the less successful Egyptian Campaign.
installed Napoleon officially as First Consul of France or, in
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Napoleon's Family, Siblings, and Wives
Napoleon's parents were
Charles and Letizia Bonaparte.
parents were from
Corsica; their original names were Carlo Maria and
Maria Letizia Buonaparte.
They had eight
Joseph, born in 1768
2. Napoleon, born in 1769
3. Lucien, born in 1775
4. Élisa, born in 1777
Louis, born in 1778
6. Pauline, born in 1780
Caroline, born in 1782
8. Jérôme, born in 1784
Napoleon broke his engagement to
Désirée Clary in favor of
Joséphine de Beauharnais. Joséphine
and Napoleon married in 1796.
Joséphine de Beauharnais
Joséphine broke his heart and he divorced her in 1810 to marry
Marie-Louise, daughter of the Austrian emperor
Francis I. It was Austrian