Holy Roman Empire 800-1806
here for the
Let's start with a Voltaire quote from 1769:
Ce corps qui
s'appelait et qui s'appelle encore le saint
empire romain n'ètait en aucune maniére ni
saint, ni romain, ni empire.
agglomeration which was called and which
still calls itself the Holy Roman Empire was
neither holy, nor Roman, nor an empire.
les moeurs et l’esprit des nations
That out of the way, here are
the rulers of the Holy Roman Empire from 800 until 1806:
The Beginning of the Holy Roman Empire
Some say, the Holy Roman Empire was set up in 962, not in 800.
What's the difference? Some see the Carolingian Empire as part of
the Holy Roman Empire, some don't.
In the year 800,
Charlemagne was crowned emperor and the Carolingian Empire was
In the year 962,
Otto I was crowned
emperor and the Ottonian Empire
See here for more on the
Dynasties of the Holy Roman Empire
Hohenstaufen Dynasty ruled
1138-1208 and again 1212-1254.
And here are the
Central Europe 919 - 1125
Click map to enlarge
Holy Roman Empire 1618
The End of the Holy Roman Empire
In 1806, Napoleon devised the
Confederation of the Rhine. Sixteen German states left the
Holy Roman Empire and joined the Confederation. More states joined
Holy Roman Emperor
ran out of steam and officially quit his job on August 6, 1806. The
Holy Roman Empire was history.
Here is the map of Germany and Italy at the time of the dissolution
of the Holy Roman Empire
Germany and Italy in 1806
And here is another one, same date, but Central Europe
Central Europe, August 6
Governments of Germany and
Governments of Austria