PEOPLE IN HISTORY          WARS, BATTLES AND REVOLUTIONS          MAP ARCHIVE          FAMOUS SPEECHES

 
 

GOVERNMENTS IN HISTORY          HISTORIC DOCUMENTS          HISTORIC PLACES AND LOCATIONS          ALL-TIME RECORDS IN HISTORY

 
 

SOURCE TEXT          SOURCE DOCUMENTS          HISTORY DICTIONARY          TIMELINES          ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORDS

 
   
 

HOME   -   WARS, BATTLES & REVOLUTIONS   -   BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE

 
 

 

Explorers, Scientists & Inventors

Musicians, Painters & Artists

Poets, Writers & Philosophers

Native Americans & The Wild West

First Ladies

Popes

Troublemakers

Historians

Archaeologists

Royal Families

Tribes & Peoples

 

Famous Speeches in History

 


Assassinations in History
Who got slain, almost slain, when, how, why, and by whom?

Go to the Assassination Archive
 


King John of England 1167-1216

 

Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible 1530 - 1584

 

Adolf Hitler 1889 - 1945


 

 

Online History Dictionary A - Z

Online History Dictionary A - Z

 

All-Time Records in History
What was the bloodiest battle, the battle with the least casualties, who was the greatest military leader?

Go to Records in History

 

Wars, Battles & Revolutions in History

 

 

   

Battle of Thermopylae August 480 BC

Thermopylae or Thermopílai in Greek, means hot gates. It is so called because of the hot springs in the area.

Pronounce Thermopylae


 


Where is Thermopylae Located?

Thermopylae, or Thermopylai, is a very narrow pass on Greece's east coast. Back then it was the entrance to Greece from the north. The pass is 4 miles or 6 kilometers long.

Here is a map:



MAP OF THE BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE, 480 BC
CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE


 

At the time of the battle, the cliffs where right by the sea, making the pass a real pass. Today, the water is about a mile away.

 

Who Fought the Battle of Thermopylae?

Greek King Leonidas, 300 Spartans,

1,100 Boeotians, and their slaves

vs.

Persian King Xerxes and a huge Persian army.

 

The size of the Persian army differs depending on who you ask. Some say Xerxes had 200,000 troops, some say it was closer to 400,000.

In any event, the Battle of Thermopylae is most likely one of the most outnumbered battles ever fought.

All-Time Records in History
Most outnumbered battle in history
 

 

LEONIDAS AT THERMOPYLAE
LEONIDAS AT THERMOPYLAE
PAINTING BY JACQUES LOUIS DAVID


 

Battle Action

The Spartans kept a much larger Persian army busy, but busy long enough for the Greeks at home to get ready to defeat the Persians?


 


EK received mail from Brian:

The defense that the Spartans put up in the pass for 3 days didn't in any way help them in the war, since it would only take 1 week max for Xerxes to reach Athens, which was his ultimate goal, and the goal that he reached, it left no time for the defenders to create a strong enough defense against him, the only reason that he turned back is because he lost his naval supply lines when he lost most of his fleet at the battle of salamis.

Thanks Brian!


The battle lasted two or three days and the Greeks might have been even more successful if Greek traitor Ephialtes wouldn't have shown the Persians a secret path around the pass. This path enabled the Persians to attack the Greeks from both sides.

 

The Exact Dates of the Battle of Thermopylae

The Battle of Thermopylae took place over a period of three days in mid-August 480 BC. The exact dates are not known.

During the first two days, the Persians suffered many losses. At the end of the second day, the Persians were shown the pass, which led them behind the Greek army.

Parallel to their attack at Thermopylae, the Persians attacked at sea in the naval Battle of Artemisium. When the Greeks heard about the setback at Thermopylae, they withdrew southward.

 

Who Won the Battle of Thermopylae?

The Persians won the battle but the Greeks won the war.

The Battle of Thermopylae was part of the Greco-Persian Wars.

 

What Were the Casualties of the Battle of Thermopylae?

The Persians killed each and every one of their enemies. But the Greeks gave them the fight of their lifetime. Persian King Xerxes ordered to bury some of his fallen soldiers because he was embarrassed by the great number the Greeks managed to slay.

 

Read the story straight from the source:

The History of Herodotus by Herodotus.

 

 

 

 

The American Revolution - Its Casualties, Its Battles, Its Impact

 


People in History

People in History A

People in History B

People in History Ca - Char

People in History Chas - Cz

People in History D

People in History E

People in History F

People in History G

People in History H

People in History I

People in History J - K

People in History L

People in History M

People in History N - O

People in History P - Q

People in History R

People in History S

People in History T

People in History U - Z


Explorers, Scientists & Inventors

Musicians, Painters & Artists


Poets, Writers & Philosophers

Native Americans & The Wild West

First Ladies

Popes

Troublemakers

Historians

Archaeologists

Royal Families

Tribes & Peoples

 


Wars, Battles & Revolutions

Wars & Revolutions A

Wars & Revolutions B - E

Wars & Revolutions F - G

Wars & Revolutions H - J

Wars & Revolutions K - O

Wars & Revolutions P - R

Wars & Revolutions S - Z

Wars & Revolutions Chronological

Battles A - C

Battles D - G

Battles H - L


Battles M - P

Battles Q - Z

Battles Ancient Times - 1499

Battles 1500 - 1699

Battles 1700 - 1799

Battles 1800 - 1899

Battles 1900 - Today
 

Picture Archive

History Pictures A - C

History Pictures D - M

History Pictures N - Z


 


Speech Archive

Speeches by Topic

Speeches by Speaker

Speeches by Date

Speeches by Women

Speeches by African-Americans

Speeches by U.S. Presidents


Miscellaneous

History Dictionary A - F

History Dictionary G - Z

Source Text - By Title

Source Text - By Author

Historic Documents A - K

Historic Documents L - Z

Historic Documents Chronological

Assassinations in History

Voyages in History

Castles & Palaces


Music in History

History Movies

Research

Bored?

Kids & History

Browse

About Us

Write Me


 


Sitemaps

Sitemap 01   Sitemap 02   Sitemap 03    Sitemap 04   Sitemap 05   Sitemap 06  
Sitemap 07   Sitemap 08   Sitemap 09    Sitemap 10   Sitemap 11   Sitemap 12
Sitemap 13   Sitemap 14   Sitemap 15    Sitemap 16   Sitemap 17   Sitemap 18
Sitemap 19   Sitemap 20   Sitemap 21    Sitemap 22   Sitemap 23   Sitemap 24


Site Search

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


HISTORY IN A NUTSHELL

 

© 2014 Emerson Kent