Mexican History 1910

Mexican Revolution Timeline - Year 1910

Included are events that took place before the year 1910 and that led up to the Mexican Revolution of 1910.

February 1908
James Creelman, who worked as a reporter for Pearson's Magazin, interviews longtime Mexican dictator  Porfirio Díaz, who announces his retirement for 1910. 

Read the
 original Creelman Interview.

James Creelman 1859 - 1915
American Journalist James Creelman
1859 - 1915
Pearson's Magazine

December 15, 1908
Manuel Alarcón, governor of
Morelos, dies. With only a short interruption, Manuel had been Morelos' governor since 1895.

Manuel Alarcón, governor of Morelos 1895-1896 and 1896-1908
Manuel Alarcón
Governor of Morelos 1895-1896 and 1896-1908
Archivo Cassola

Luis Flores y Caso
takes over as interim governor.

December 28, 1908
General Francisco Leyva, who himself was once Governor of Morelos from 1869 - 1876, and President
Porfirio Díaz meet for a chat.

In the elections for Governor of the State of Morelos, Leyva's son Patricio Leyva, an engineer, will be running against Diaz' protégé Pablo Escandón y Barrón, a hacienda owner. General Leyva warns President Diaz that this is a potential powder keg they're sitting on.

January 7, 1909
Díaz announces that "anyone whom the citizens of Morelos freely elect would be welcome."

January 22, 1909
Leyvistas gather all over the country. Today, 1,500 people met at Cuautla.

February 1, 1909
In Cuautla, an anti Diaz mob throws stones.

February 2, 1909
The government together with the plantation owners fight back. As an answer to yesterday's riot in Cuautla, the rioter's families are targeted and taken hostage. People go into hiding and the persecution spreads rapidly. Even the opposition candidate for governor of Morelos, Patricio Leyva, gets arrested.

Another man involved in the melee and fighting for the peasants is Torres Burgos.

February 7, 1909
Rigged election day. And the new governor of the state Morelos is
Pablo Escandón y Barrón. Even on election day the arrests keep going on. By the way, how many votes exactly did Escandón get? Nobody knows. All we hear is that Escandón enjoyed an "absolute majority."

March 4, 1909
William Howard Taft becomes 27th President of the United States.

March 15, 1909
Pablo Escandón y Barrón officially sworn into office, thus succeeding interim governor Luis Flores y Caso. Pablo is not a happy camper and he complaints a lot. But if Diaz asks you to do something, you do what Diaz asks you to do.

Was Escandón any good as governor?

Escandón changed the tax laws. The personal tax on the peasants was abolished, the middle class was hit hard with a big tax increase, the tax on the plantation owners was lightened. Totally ignored was the burning issue of the land disputes between the peasants and the hacienda owners.

However, Escandón hated his new job and kept asking for vacation days. He handed in his first application only two weeks after getting started on the job. The poor man was a mess. And whiny.

September 12, 1909
The village elders of Anenecuilco vote
Emiliano Zapata President of the Defense Committee of the Lands.

October 16, 1909
Taft-Diaz meeting at El Paso / Ciudad Juarez.

December 1, 1909
David E. Thompson resigns as US ambassador to Mexico. Henry Lane Wilson will become his successor on December 21, 1909.

December 21, 1909
William Howard Taft appoints Henry Lane Wilson US ambassador to Mexico.

March 5, 1910
Henry Lane Wilson presents his credentials as the new US ambassador to Mexico.

April 15, 1910
Francisco I. Madero nominated presidential candidate.

April 25, 1910
Anenecuilco villagers write to their Governor Escandón and ask for his support against the Hospital Hacienda, which no longer allowed peasants to plant corn crops around Anenecuilco. The people declare they would be even ready to forfeit ownership rights and rent land from whoever owns it. But whatever the decision, time is an issue. The time to plant is NOW.

Also on April 25, 1910
Enrique C. Creel, wealthier than everybody and then some, becomes Diaz' Secretary of Foreign Relations.

May 3, 1910
Escandón's office writes back to the village of Anenecuilco regarding their letter from April 25, to please specify the areas they intend to cultivate.

May 8, 1910
The people of Anenecuilco respond to Escandón's letter from May 3 and specify the lands as requested.

May 15, 1910
Escandón's office replies to the people of Anencuilco regarding their letter from May 8 and declares that this is actually a matter between the people of Anencuilco and the Hospital Hacienda.

Later, the Hospital Hacienda sent their own reply. "Plant in a flower pot."

May 24, 1910
Representatives of Anencuilco meet with Escandón's office.

Later, the Hospital Hacienda rents out lands to local farmers from Villa de Ayala, not Anencuilco mind you. Zapata and his men then took the land by force. Other villages followed his example.

June 13, 1910
On the eve of the presidential elections, presidential candidate
Francisco I. Madero is arrested and thrown in jail.

June 14, 1910
Presidential "election" day. Oops, only one candidate.

September 15, 1910
President Diaz' 80th birthday. When it is your dictator, you care.

September 16, 1910
The 100th anniversary of Mexican independence, aka Independence Day for Mexico. On September 16, 1810,
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla shouted his famous battle cry, the Cry of Dolores (Grito de Dolores.)

October 4, 1910
The Chamber of Deputies declares that
Diaz had been reelected.

October 6, 1910
Madero escapes from prison disguised as a railway worker.

October 7, 1910
Francisco Madero arrives in San Antonio, Texas, where he writes his manifesto, the  Plan of San Luis Potosí. The Plan is backdated to October 5, the last day Madero was in the country.

In his Plan, Madero sets the date for the beginning of the revolution. He calls upon all Mexicans to get ready to rumble and to be up in arms against the Diaz regime at 6 PM on Sunday, November 20, 1910.

November 16, 1910
Federal troops round up Maderistas throughout Mexico.

November 17, 1910
The first shots of the revolution were fired in the city of Puebla because the Maderistas didn't appreciate the rounding up. Head of the Maderistas in Puebla was Aquiles Serdán, who led approx. 400 men.

November 18, 1910
Police tracked down Aquiles Serdán, surrounded his house while he was in there with 20 of his men. Siege situation. At the end of the day Serdán and his men were dead, and so were 158 policemen.

November 20, 1910
Francisco Madero had appointed this day to be the official start of the revolution, not much action is happening.

By late November, 1910
The city of Guerrero is controlled by the rebels, led by
Pascual Orozco. San Andrés is occupied by Pancho Villa and his men. Small skirmishes everywhere in the north now.





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