PEOPLE IN HISTORY          WARS, BATTLES AND REVOLUTIONS          MAP ARCHIVE          FAMOUS SPEECHES

 
 

GOVERNMENTS IN HISTORY          HISTORIC DOCUMENTS          HISTORIC PLACES AND LOCATIONS          ALL-TIME RECORDS IN HISTORY

 
 

SOURCE TEXT          SOURCE DOCUMENTS          HISTORY DICTIONARY          TIMELINES          ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORDS

 
   
 

HOME   -   PEOPLE IN HISTORY A-Z   -   PANCHO VILLA

 
   


PANCHO VILLA 1878 - 1923
PANCHO VILLA
1878 - 1923

 

Hero or Villain? Revolutionary.


Francisco "Pancho" Villa was originally Doroteo Arango, but Pancho caught on better with anyone who felt like joining him in the fight that originally had the aim to get rid of Mexican dictator
 Porfirio Díaz.

As a guerrilla leader, Villa controlled Chihuahua for about two years during the  Mexican Revolution.

Pancho Villa might or might not have raided Columbus, New Mexico, in 1916.

In any event, as a consequence of the Columbus Raid, the US sent John J. Pershing after Pancho Villa. Without success.



Pancho Villa's Stamina

In his book The Life and Times of Pancho Villa, historian Friedrich Katz tells you what was remarkable about the man.

"It is doubtful whether many military leaders would have continued to fight had they suffered defeats of such magnitude as the ones that Villa suffered at Celaya.

Villa, however, seems to have had unlimited amounts of self-confidence, courage, and endurance.

Above all, he had such charismatic appeal that his soldiers were willing to continue the fight and that he was even able to win new recruits for his army."


 

Pancho Villa's Staff

Luis Aguirre Benavides was Pancho's secretary.

Another good friend of Villa's was Rodolfo Fierro, who passionately did all of Pancho's dirty work.

Arguably the best trained soldier in the field of the Mexican Revolution was Villa's general  Felipe Ángeles.

 

Doroteo Arango without hat
Doroteo Arango without hat
Archivo Histórico, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
 

 

Pancho Villa - Early Years

Pancho was born on June 5, 1878, at the Rancho de la Coyotada on the Hacienda del Rio Grande, one of the largest haciendas in the state of Durango. The hacienda owner was the López Negrete family.

Francisco "Pancho" Villa was baptized Doroteo Arango. There are different opinions about his real name.


 

Pancho Villa's Family

Pancho Villa's father was Agustín Arango. His mother was María Micaela Arambula. The couple worked as sharecroppers on the hacienda.

Pancho's father died when he was five years old.

Pancho Villa had four siblings. His brothers were Antonio and