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HOME   -   PEOPLE IN HISTORY A-Z   -   ALEXANDER THE GREAT

 
   


Alexander III the Great 356-323 BC
Alexander III the Great 356-323 BC

 

Conquering the World in a Decade

According to Napoleon, Alexander was one of the seven greatest generals in history.

Let's take it from a pro.
 

Above Image

Alexander the Great, Marble, British Museum.

Photo Yair Haklai


Alexander of Macedonia, or Alexander III, was born in Pella, Macedonia.

His life is at the root of many legends.

 

Alexander the Great in a Nutshell

Alexander conquered the entire then known world in a decade, which included the defeat of the ruling Persian Empire.

And here is the map

Alexander the Great - Map of His Conquests
The Conquests of Alexander the Great 336-323 BC

 

Alexander's Family, Friends, and Peers

His father,  Philip II, was assassinated when Alexander was 20 years old. Philip was the 18th king of Macedonia. Alexander became his successor in 336 B.C. 

Interesting tidbit: 336 B.C. was also the year in which  Darius III became king of the Persian Empire.

Alexander's mother was not Angelina Jolie (you wish) but Olympias. Olympias was the princess of Epirus. Here is a  map of Epirus. And if you watched  the movie Alexander closely, you know that she was the kind of gal who knew what she wanted.

Then there was Aristotle. Aristotle was Alexander's tutor during his childhood.

Alexander's main male lover was Hephaestion, one of his bodyguards. When Hephaestion died, Alexander arranged a humongous funeral.

Alexander's firstborn son was Heracles by Stateira (Barsine). Unfortunately for Heracles, he was illegitimate.

Roxana became Alexander's wife in 327 B.C. They had a son together, Alexander IV.

Macedonian General Antipater was in charge of everything in Macedonia while Alex was gone fighting. Antipater died in 319 B.C.

 

Controversy: Did Alexander Order the Assassination of his Father?

The majority of historians doesn't think so.

 

Alexander the Great's Army

Alexander's army was rather small. He had at his disposal 5,000 cavalrymen and 30,000 infantrymen.

Not being fear inspiring in size, the army's strength lay in its discipline and organization. Mastering the  phalanx with its arrangements of long pikes, Alexander's army swept through Persian forces.

 

ALEXANDER'S BATTLES

The four major battles that Alexander fought were the following:

Battle of the Granicus 334 BC

Battle of Issus 333 BC

Battle of Gaugamela 331 BC

Battle of the Hydaspes 326 BC


Again the previously posted map on which you can see the locations of these four important battles.

Alexander the Great - Map of His Conquests
The Conquests of Alexander the Great 336-323 BC

 

More details on these and Alexander's other battles below, starting with the year 338 BC.

 

The Battles of Alexander the Great

In 338 BC, and alongside his father Philip, Alexander fought in the  Battle of Chaeronea.

Battle of Chaeronea 338 BC
Map of the Battle of Chaeronea 338 BC

 

Thanks to his father, Macedonia had become a dominant power in Greece by the time he succeeded to the throne in 336 BC.


After becoming king of Macedonia, Alexander gained several victories over the northern barbarians who had attacked Macedonia, and destroyed Thebes, which, in con