Francisco I. Madero 1873 - 1913
Francisco Ignacio Madero was the president of Mexico from
1911 - 1913.
Originally, Francisco Madero was a
landowner in northern Mexico.
Madero decided to give it a go at the presidential elections of
Porfirio Díaz won instead, as
dictators do. Next thing Madero knew, he found himself in jail in
San Luis Potosí.
Madero managed to escape to San Antonio,
Texas, United States, disguised as a railway worker.
While in the States, Madero wrote his
Plan of San Luis Potosí. Madero declared
a revolution was necessary and surrounded himself with armed men who
shared this opinion. The entire outfit came back into Mexico
and was ready to rumble.
In Mexico, many unhappy peasants, aka potential guerrillas,
agreed with the Plan of San Luis Potosí, among them
Pancho Villa and
Emiliano Zapata. They
joined forces and it worked — a revolution was launched.
Dictator Diaz resigned on May 25, 1911.
Madero managed to sit down on the presidential
chair, but it was a hot seat. General
Victoriano Huerta fancied it
plenty and had Madero thrown in jail.
What went wrong?
Madero was politically a moderate. His
policy of "fairness and honesty" would have worked in a perfect
world but the dirty chaos of the Mexican Revolution favored the
Madero was assassinated by Huerta's men in Mexico City
on February 22, 1913. The official version was that he was shot
while trying to escape.
Harold Gordon as Francisco Madero at that very
moment in the brilliant 1952 movie
Harold Gordon as
Viva Zapata! 1953
20th Century Fox