CZECH LEGION ON A TRAIN IN SIBERIA
Russian History 1918
Civil War Timeline - Year 1918
Czechoslovak Legion and the Trans-Siberian Railway.
January 10, 1918
(December 28, 1917
The Cossacks declare their independence and form the
Republic of the Don.
January 12, 1918
(December 30, 1917
The Latvians declare their independence from Russia but find it hard to celebrate
while occupying Germans are still
sitting on their laps.
January 18, 1918 (January
Constituent Assembly gathers.
Bolsheviks demand that authority
should be given to the Soviets.
( What is a Soviet?)
The Assembly refuses.
Left Socialist Revolutionaries walk out.
January 19, 1918 (January 6, 1918
Bolshevik government sends troops to disperse the Constituent
Assembly. All non-Bolsheviks get a handbasket each and are told to
January 22, 1918
(January 9, 1917
The Ukrainians declare their
independence from Russia.
January 28, 1918
(January 15, 1917
Civil War breaks out in Finland as a result of the recent Finnish
declaration of independence from Russia.
February 2, 1918 (January
ruling officially separates the Orthodox church from the state. Religious persecution
property will get pillaged and churches destroyed.
February 9, 1918
The Central Powers and the
Ukraine sign the
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
February 10, 1918
Trotsky declares that Russia is
out of WWI.
February 11, 1918
(January 29, 1918
The Bolsheviks gain the upper hand against the Cossacks. Cossack
leader Aleksey Maksimovich Kaledin
shoots himself. Pyotr Nikolayevich Krasnov
will be his successor.
February 13, 1918
(January 31, 1918
Calendar switch - Julian to Gregorian.
January 31, 1918 old style was
followed by February 14, 1918 new style. Some Russian locations
dragged their feet buying new calendars, so we will keep showing old
style dates a little while longer.
February 16, 1918
(February 3, 1918
While still under German occupation, the Lithuanians declare their
independence from Russia.
February 18, 1918
(February 5, 1918
The Reds capture Kiev. They will stay in town until March 3, 1918,
when the Germans will knock on the doors.
February 24, 1918
(February 11, 1918
The Estonians declare their independence from Russia.
(Mid-February - Mid-March, 1918
The Bolsheviks permit
to leave Russia via
March 3, 1918
(February 18, 1918
The Red Army has to withdraw from Kiev because of incoming Germans.
The Germans let themselves in
because the Russians had just signed the
March 12, 1918
(February 27, 1918
The Bolsheviks move their capital from Petrograd to
Moscow for safety reasons.
March 13, 1918
(February 28, 1918
The Germans take Odessa.
March 17, 1918
(March 4, 1918
The Germans take Nikolayev.
March 26, 1918
(March 13, 1918
office cubicles. He resigns his post as Foreign
Commissar and becomes the new War Commissar.
Chicherin takes Trotsky's old office chair and becomes
Army had been already created in
January 1918, there is still a lot of work
to do. Trotsky whips the bunch into
shape and recruits many former
Army officers, some of which joined more voluntarily than others.
TROTSKY POINTING IT OUT TO RED ARMY SOLDIERS
British and Japanese marines
land at Vladivostok.
April 8, 1918
The Germans take Kharkov and Rostov.
April 9, 1918
The Moldavian Republic and Romania declare their union. Russia is
against this union and feels Moldavia should belong to Russia.
April 10 - 13, 1918
Battle of Yekaterinodar.
Kornilov gets killed. New
commander of the White Army is Anton
April 22, 1918
The Transcaucasians declare their independence from Russia and form
the Transcaucasian Republic. This Republic will dissolve on May 26,
Kerensky had remained in hiding until May 1918. Now he emigrates to
western Europe, writes books and edits revolutionary papers.
The Germans take Sevastopol.
The Transcaucasian Republic splits into three separate states.
Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan declare their individual
independence from Russia.
May 29, 1918
Trotsky, in his capacity of the commissar for war,
surrender their arms. The Legion refuses and takes control of
the Trans-Siberian railroad.
The U.S. declares itself sympathetic
to the goals of the Czech Legion.
June 7, 1918
(May 25, 1918
Armed collision between the
Czech Legion at Chelyabinsk,
or Cheliabinsk, which is located
in west-central Russia. Here is
Chelyabinsk on a map.
Map location of
Chelyabinsk, west central Russia
Click to view
original map of Asia (enlarged)
and the Socialist
form a government for the Volga, the Volga
June 23, 1918
British troops land at Murmansk.
July 4 - 10, 1918
The Fifth All-Russian Congress of Soviets
The left Socialist Revolutionaries who had
previously participated in the Bolshevik government,
are now expelled.
happenings at the congress. The
1918 Constitution of the
Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (RSFSR)
is adopted on July 10, 1918.
July 6, 1918
Left Socialist Revolutionaries
stage a revolt in Moscow.
July 10, 1918
becomes commander of the Eastern Front.
Night of July 16 / 17, 1918
White forces and the Czech Legion come
dangerously close to Yekaterinburg.
Out of fear the former Tsar
Nicholas II and his family might be liberated, the Bolsheviks
think it too
risky to keep the prisoners alive. So they shoot
the entire Imperial Family.
The Czech Legion captures Yekaterinburg.
August 2, 1918
British and French forces land at Arkhangelsk
5 - 7, 1918
Czech Legion together with the
take Kazan from the Reds, who were led by
Kazan opens the door to Moscow.
Mamantov moves towards Tsaritsyn.
Siege of Tsaritsyn begins.
Japanese troops land at Vladivostok.
August 13, 1918
Battle of Sviiazhsk,
also called Sviyazhsk, on the eastern front,
which results in a decisive
Army victory over the
A female assassin,
Fanya Kaplan, also spelled Fanny
Kaplan, fires three bullets at
Lenin as he
left a factory in which he had just delivered a
speech. Two bullets hit him, one in his jaw, one
in his shoulder. Lenin will recover.
Ioakimovich Kannegiser shoots
Uritsky, the Chairman of the Petrograd Cheka.
assassinations are unrelated but the freakish
coincidence causes the Bolsheviks to run
around paranoid and angry while armed.
September 2, 1918
Military Council (Revvoensovet) is
created. This Council will function as the
executive board of the Red Army. In 1934, it
will be renamed to
The Bolshevik government proclaims a campaign
of Red Terror.
September 4, 1918
American troops join the British troops at
September 5, 1918
Battle of Kazan
in which 11,000 Reds fight 6,000 Whites and
Czechs. This battle will end on September 10,
1918 with a victory for the Reds.
September 6, 1918
Colonel Vatsetis becomes Supreme
Commander-in-Chief of the Red forces.
September 10, 1918
The Reds re-capture Kazan. The Battle of Kazan
had begun on September 5, 1918.
September 22, 1918
Battle of Tsaritsyn.
This Battle will last until October 15, 1918.
September 23, 1918
A new government is created, the
All-Russian Government, based at Omsk.
Siberian government, sponsored by the
Komuch, will last until November 18,
currently War Minister
in this government, will put an end to it.
October 7, 1918
The Reds take Samara.
October 14, 1918
The British reach Irkutsk.
October 15, 1918
End of the Second
Battle of Tsaritsyn. This Battle had started on September
November 1, 1918
Poland declares war on the Ukraine.
November 4, 1918
The British occupy Mosul.
November 7, 1918
The Reds recapture Izhevsk.
November 11, 1918
Germany signs the
November 15, 1918
The Ukrainians get a new government.
Simon Petliura succeeds
The British retake Baturn.
Karlis Ulmanis is
the new prime minister of Latvia.
November 18, 1918
The Kolchak Coup
Coup d'état at Omsk.
Vasilyevich Kolchak becomes the
leader of the White
Army, and supposed leader of entire
Russia, actually, because he sets up his own
government. Kolchak is now a military
Also on November 18,
Latvia declares independence.
Also on November 18,
Kolchak launches his Eastern Russia Offensive.
It will end on December 24, 1918.
November 22, 1918
The Germans withdraw from
Estonia and the Bolsheviks pour into the country.
November 23, 1918
Poland takes Lemberg.
November 27, 1918
Bessarabia announces its union with Romania.
Russia begs to differ.
December 8, 1918
Switzerland cuts diplomatic relations with
December 18, 1918
Germany's defeat in WWI exposed the Black Sea to
French troops occupy Odessa to support the
December 24, 1918
captures Perm and Ufa.