Nicholas I 1796-1855
In Russian, Nicholas was Nikolay
Nicholas' father was
Czar Paul I. Nicholas mother
was the Grand Duchess Maria.
Alexander I became czar
after their father Paul was assassinated. Alexander, in turn, died
somewhat unexpected in 1825. Next in line for the throne would have
been Paul's second son Constantine.
But in 1820, Constantine had married
Joanna Grudzinska, a countess from Poland. In 1822, Constantine
renounced his claims to the throne.
Thus, Nicholas became Czar Nicholas I
of Russia and ruled as such from 1825-1855. Nicholas was the poster
child for autocracy.
What is Autocracy?
Nicholas died of pneumonia and his son
Alexander II became the next czar of Russia.
Alexander also inherited the
Crimean War, which was fought
1853 - 1856.
Governments in History - Russian Empire