Alexander I 1777-1825
From a portrait of Emperor
Alexander I, after 1815, unknown artist.
State Hermitage Museum St Petersburg
Alexander I was Russia's Emperor from 1801 - 1825.
He was one of the
main reasons why
Napoleon I Bonaparte
was eventually brought down to his knees.
Family and Friends
Alexander's famous grandmother was
Catherine II the Great.
Alexander's father was
Czar Paul I.
One of Alexander's best friends,
and comrade-in-schemes against the French, was
One of Alexander's first actions as czar was
to dissolve the Armed Neutrality of the North. This
neutrality had been an
agreement between Denmark, Sweden, and Russia, which had already
caused the Danes some headaches in form of the
Battle of Copenhagen because the English didn't like the
Crisis emerged when
Napoleon I invaded Russia on
June 24, 1812.
Russian and French troops clashed in
Battle of Borodino on September
7, 1812. Napoleon won a narrow victory and was able to enter Moscow
Desperate to shake off the French,
Czar Alexander was eager to united French enemies, and on March 11,
1813, President Madison "willingly accepted" Russia's offer to
mediate between Great Britain and the United States.
Upon Alexander's death, his brother
Nicholas became Russia's next czar.
MEETING OF NAPOLEON
AND ALEXANDER I ON NIEMEN, 1807
Unknown artist. State Hermitage
Museum St. Petersburg