CHEKA Chairman Dzerzhinsky on the Phone
Russian History 1917
Civil War Timeline - Year 1917
For events prior to November 11, 1917, check the
Timeline of the Russian Revolution of 1917
Feliks Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky - Chairman of the All-Russia Extraordinary Commission
for Combating Counter-Revolution (CHEKA)
organize a counter-attack in response to the
Krasnov and his troops wait
for reinforcement at
Tsarskoe Selo, the site of the
former imperial summer palace.
The cadets of the Petrograd military
schools, i.e. the Vladimir Cadet School and
the Pavlovsky Cadet School, start a revolt,
led by G.P.
Polkovnikov. Among other spots,
they capture the building that hosts the
main telephone center and the Mikhailhovsky
these guys had planned to sync their attack
with Kerensky's and Krasnov's attack, who
were currently waiting at Tsarskoe Selo, as above
Unfortunately for the cadets, however, Red Guards
captured one of them and made him a canary.
Therefore, the cadets decided to strike today,
too soon it turned out. The Reds put down
this revolt within a day.
of Pulkovo. Kerensky's
Ukrainians form the Ukrainian People's Republic,
also called the Ukrainian
National Republic. They will
declare their independence from Russian on
January 22, 1918.
INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC - THE UKRAINIAN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC
Click to enlarge
is the election for the
Constituent Assembly. This
Assembly will write the new constitution for the
Russian people. At least that's the general
Outcome of the
Socialist Revolutionary Party - 40 percent
of the vote
Bolsheviks - 25 percent of the vote
Constitutional Democratic Party (
and Others - smaller percentages
Long faces among
the Bolsheviks, who immediately claim that this
result does not reflect how people really feel. Many pairs
eyebrows watch the Bolsheviks argue that instead,
the power should be given to the Soviets. (
What is a Soviet?)
Assembly will convene on January 18, 1918 (January
This gives the
Bolsheviks exactly 54 days to come up with Plan
B. And they won't miss a beat.
End of November
(Mid November 1917
Bolshevik government declares the Constitutional
Democratic Party illegal and orders the arrest
December 2, 1917
Kornilov and others escape from prison in Bykhov.
December 6, 1917
declares its independence from Russia. Here is
NEW STATE IN CENTRAL
EUROPE - THE REPUBLIC OF FINLAND
Click to enlarge
December 15, 1917
WWI Armistice between Russia and Germany.
December 20, 1917
(December 7, 1917
Bolshevik government establishes its secret
police, the VCHEKA, which
is short for All-Russian Extraordinary
Commission for Combating Counterrevolution and
Sabotage, only in Russian.
Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky is
appointed comrade in charge, see photo top of
Also called CHEKA,
or VECHEKA, this is the early KGB. Dzerzhinsky
will soon impress with his skills in efficiently
setting up and running concentration camps.
nickname was Iron Felix. And speaking of
names of all the best wrestlers. Stalin
derives from the Russian stal, meaning
steel. Molotov derives from the Russian word
molota, meaning hammer. And Kamenev
derives from the Russian word kamen,
December 23, 1917
Moldavians declare their independence from
December 31, 1917
recognizes Finland's independence.