Mexican History 1919
Timeline - Year 1919
Late February 1919
has to retreat from Jojutla.
He moves first toward Jonacatepec, and
then toward Tochimilco.
March 17, 1919
sends a letter to
Venustiano Carranza, "who I believe must be moved
sometimes, if only for an instant, by the anguish of mothers . . .
"you have tried to convert the revolution into a movement for your
own gain . . . "It has never crossed your mind that the Revolution
was for the benefit of the masses."
Still military stalemate in
Jesús Guajardo, a colonel in the federal army, quarrels with
González. Gonzalez found Guajardo drinking at a local
cantina after he had been ordered into the hills around Huautla to
hunt Zapatistas. Guajardo gets arrested. Zapata's spies report this
March 21, 1919
writes a letter to
Jesús Guajardo and encourages him
March 30, 1919
González' lucky day. He intercepts the letter from
Guajardo, calls Guajardo a traitor and tells him that the only
chance to save his neck was to set up a trap for Zapata.
Guajardo agrees and writes back to
Zapata that he is ready to defect.
April 1, 1919
sends a letter back to
Guajardo and asks him for a revolt on
Friday, April 4. Guajardo replies right away. He agrees but asks for
April 7, 1919
orders rebel attacks to divert federal attention.
April 8, 1919
Guajardo revolts in Cuautla and marches out with his men.
April 9, 1919
Colonel Jesús Guajardo,
commander of the 5th Regiment, reaches Jonacatepec, occupies the town in Zapata's name.
waits a few miles south at Pastor Station. A messenger brings
Zapata the news of Guajardo's recent moves. Zapata sends a message
to Guajardo, telling him he must meet him with only 30 men.
4.30 PM - Guajardo
arrives, bringing with him 600 troops instead of the requested 30.
Together, Guajardo and Zapata ride south two miles to Tepalcingo.
Later that night - Guajardo requests
permission to return immediately to Chinameca Hacienda, ten miles
east, claiming he wants to protect his stores of ammunition stacked
in the plantation buildings. Zapata agrees to meet Guajardo at Chinameca early the next morning to discuss the next step.
Guajardo leaves. Soon after, Zapata
rides out to spend the night in the nearby hills.
April 10, 1919
With about 150 additional men,
rides toward Chinameca.
8.30 AM - Zapata meets Colonel
at the Hacienda of San Juan Chinameca in
Morelos. Within minutes a
report reaches Zapata that federal troops were believed to be in the
vicinity. Zapata tells Guajardo to guard the hacienda while he
leaves to investigate.
1.30 PM - Zapata returns, no federals
2.10 PM - Zapata takes 10 men with him
to meet Guajardo inside to eat.
Inside, Zapata meets Guajardo's troops
lined up. The bugler blows the call to present arms - three long
notes. These sound as Zapata rides slowly across the square, swings
himself from the saddle, and puts his foot on the first step leading
up to the house.
The third note ends. At that moment the
soldiers move their weapons from the present-arms position, raise
them to eye-level, and fire.
was an ambush and Zapata along with Agustín
Cortés, Lucio Labastida,
and members of his escort were shot.
Two volleys struck Zapata at point-blank
range. He crashes forward on the wooden veranda and is killed