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HOME   -   PEOPLE IN HISTORY A-Z   -   FELIPE 篾GELES

 
   


Felipe 聲geles 1869-1919
FELIPE 篾GELES
1869 - 1919

 

Pancho Villa's High-IQ General and Possibly the Best Trained Soldier in the Revolution


Felipe de Jess 聲geles Ram甏ez (Felipe Angeles) fought in the
Mexican Revolution and was noted for his humanity.

Felipe 聲geles publicly condemned the violence and brutality committed by  Juvencio Robles and Adolfo Jim幯ez Castro and others.

Besides Spanish, Felipe Angeles also spoke English, French, and German fluently.


Felipe 聲geles' Family

Felipe 聲geles' father was Felipe 聲geles Sr, who died in 1899.


 

Felipe 聲geles' mother was Juana Ram甏ez.

Father Felipe was born in Molango, Hidalgo, in 1824. He was a farmer and a livestock breeder. 

He also fought in the  Mexican-American War and in the  French-Mexican War and became a colonel in the process.

 

Felipe 聲geles fights for Francisco Madero

After Francisco I. Madero came to power, Felipe 聲geles was made Brigadier General. Among others, Felipe fought against revolutionary Pascual Orozco.

During the Ten Tragic Days, President Madero was desperate and turned to Felipe 聲geles for help. But it was too late. Victoriano Huerta's forces arrested President Madero, Vice-President Pino Su嫫ez, and Felipe 聲geles on February 18, 1913.

Felipe 聲geles was Huerta's prisoner until July 29, 1913. He then was exiled to France.
 

GENERAL FELIPE 篾GELES
GENERAL FELIPE 篾GELES
Instituto Nacional de Antropolog燰 e Historia


Felipe 聲geles fights for Venustiano Carranza

In October 1913, Felipe 聲geles sneaked back into Mexico and met with  Venustiano Carranza who fought against Huerta. Huerta was overthrown and Carranza made Felipe 聲geles his Under-Secretary of War.
 

Venustiano Carranza with his first cabinet, 1913. Rafael Zubar嫕 Capmany, Venustiano Carranza, Francisco Escudero, Felipe 聲geles
Venustiano Carranza with his first cabinet, 1913
Left to right: Rafael Zubar嫕 Capmany, Venustiano Carranza,
Francisco Escudero, Felipe 聲geles

Hemeroteca Nacional


Felipe 聲geles fights for Pancho Villa

The revolutionaries had a big pow-wow, the Revolutionary Convention of Aguascalientes. The Convention commenced on October 10, 1914.

During session on October 12, 1914, 聲geles stated that the northern revolutionaries (the Divisi鏮 del Norte army, also called the Villistas, led by  Pancho Villa) were not prepared to come to any agreement without their brother revolutionaries from the south (the Ej廨cito Libertador del Sur army, also called the Zapatistas, led by Emiliano Zapata) being represented at this convention.

The convention agreed and Felipe 聲geles was sent to fetch them. See photo below.

Felipe 聲geles invites Emiliano Zapata to the Aguascalientes Convention
Felipe 聲geles invites Emiliano Zapata to the Aguascalientes Convention
Felipe 聲geles with the commission sent to
Morelos to invite Emiliano Zapata
to participate in the Aguascalientes Convention.

Front row:
Manuel Robles, Dr. Adolfo Cuar鏮, Manuel Palafox,
Rafael Buelna, Juan Banderas, Felipe 聲geles, Octavio Maga鎙 Cerda,
Antonio D燰z Soto y Gama, Calixto Contreras.
Standing behind them
: Col. Gustavo Baz, Juan Andrew Almaz嫕,
Dr. Briones and Guillermo Castillo Tapia.

Archivo Hist鏎ico, Universidad Nacional Aut鏮oma de M憖ico
 

 

Felipe 聲geles' Death

Felipe 聲geles was betrayed by one of his officers and on November 15, 1919, he was arrested by Carranza's feds. Why was he arrested?

Let David Angeles Albores, Felipe's great-great-grandson, explain:

After Carranza took power, Felipe exiled himself to the USA, where he travelled to New York (as is my understanding, but this may be wrong) and met with other Mexican leaders who had been exiled by the new President.

While in the USA, they integrated the Alianza Liberal Mexicana, the Liberal Mexican Alliance, and concocted the Plan of R甐 Florido. Angeles then met with Villa, and the rest of the story is known from there.
 

聲geles was brought to Chihuahua City where he was put on trial for treason.

聲geles declared at his trial, "My death will do more good to the democratic cause than all the actions of my life. The blood of the martyrs fertilizes the good."

Felipe 聲geles was convicted and sentenced to death by firing squad. He was executed on November 26, 1919, in Chihuahua City.

Check this event in the timeline of the Mexican Revolution.

 

Felipe 聲geles, Alfonso Iturbide, Fernando Liceaga, Pr鏀pero 聲geles, Carlos Arango, Rafael Iturbide, Eduardo 聲geles, Roberto Morelos Zaragoza, Dr. Wightman, Eduardo Salom鏮
1 Felipe 聲geles, 2 Alfonso Iturbide, 3 unknown,
4 Fernando Liceaga, 5 Pr鏀pero 聲geles. 6 Carlos Arango, 7 Rafael Iturbide, 8. Eduardo 聲geles, 9 Roberto Morelos Zaragoza,
10. Dr. Wightman, 11. Eduardo Salom鏮
Hemeroteca Nacional


Felipe 聲geles' Legacy

In 1941 upon the 22nd anniversary of his death, Felipe 聲geles was declared Hijo del estado de Hidalgo, or Son of the State of Hildalgo.

They have also written songs about Felipe. Check the top right of this page for the video clip.

Historians describe Felipe 聲geles as a kind, honest, capable, humble, passionate man, and a top notch adviser. Critics say he was ambitious.



Quoted

聲geles taught me there was such a thing as mercy.
Pancho Villa


GENERAL FELIPE 篾GELES
GENERAL FELIPE 篾GELES
Archivo Cassola


 


GENERAL 篾GELES, ONE FOR THE DRIVER'S LICENSE
Archivo Hist鏎ico, Universidad Nacional Aut鏮oma de M憖ico


 

Felipe 聲geles' Short Biography

 

 

 

June 13, 1868

 

Birth in Zacualtipan (some say Molango), Hidalgo, Mexico

   

Primary education in Huejutla, Molango, and Pachuca

1883 - 1892  

Military School made possible thanks to a scholarship granted by dictator  Porfirio Diaz, who gave it as a gift to Felipe's father as a thank-you for his services

   

Military Studies in the US

1908  

Becomes Colonel

1909   

Military Studies in France

1911  

Francisco I. Madero makes him director of the Military College at Chapultepec, the Colegio Militar de Chapultepec

   

Becomes Brigadier General

July 1913  

Gets exiled to France after Victoriano Huerta took over

October 1913  

Sneaks back into the country, meets with Venustiano Carranza, breaks with Carranza, joins Pancho Villa

January 6 - 12, 1915  

Provisional governor of Coahuila

December 1915  

After Villa was defeated by Carranza, 聲geles crosses border and settles down in El Paso, Texas. If he had only stayed there...

End of 1918  

Back to Mexico, meets with Villa and joins the revolution against Carranza.

November 15, 1919  

Arrested

November 26, 1919  

Death in Chihuahua

 

FELIPE 篾GELES ON CHAISELONGUE
FELIPE 篾GELES ON CHAISELONGUE
El Paso Library

 

Go here for more about the Mexican Revolution.

 

 

 



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Mexico's transition from dictatorship to constitutional republic translated into ten messy years of skirmishing in Mexican history.

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Viva Zapata! 1952
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Run, Man, Run, 1968
RUN, MAN, RUN, 1968


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Companeros, 1970


Duck You Sucker aka A Fistful of Dynamite, 1971
Duck You Sucker, 1971
aka A Fistful of Dynamite


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