Mexican History 1912

Mexican Revolution Timeline - Year 1912

Early January 1912
Classic guerrilla warfare is ON.

 Emiliano Zapata commands approx. 800 trained troops and 2,000 willing peasants who can wield a fork any darn given day.

They are facing approx. 1,000 federal troops and about 5,000 police.

Zapata's men have the advantage of a better local knowledge and of course the peasant support.

January 17, 1912
 Ambrosio Figueroa resigns as governor of the state of Morelos. New interim governor is Francisco Naranjo.

The president declares martial law in Morelos, Guerrero, Tlaxcala, and in 13 districts in Puebla and Mexico City.

January 25, 1912
The newspaper Diario del Hogar comments that the "government had committed an extremely grave error in condemning the deep social problem in Morelos as mere banditry."

January 26, 1912
The president releases  Zapata's former chief of staff, Abrahám Martínez, and sends him to negotiate with Zapata. But Zapata is done talking.

Also on this day, Genovevo de la O moves in on Cuernavaca. With him are 3,000 troops.

February 4, 1912
The new military commander for Morelos is Brigadier General Juvencio Robles, a man described as extremely cruel and who would make Victoriano Huerta's methods seem like those of a saint.

On this day, the newspaper El Pais quotes Robles as saying that all people of
 Morelos are bandits, and that he was going to put an end to it shortly. (See top of page.)

February 6, 1912
Genovevo de la O declares he is soon going to blow up every train attempting to cross the mountains into the state, and went on with his offensive against Cuernavaca.

At the end of the first week in February 1912, Juvencio Robles arrives in Cuernavaca to deal with De la O's threat.

February 9, 1912
The feds raze Santa María and burn the whole thing to the ground. Genovevo de la O's daughter dies in the flames.

February 10, 1912
In Villa de Ayala, federal troops seize  Zapata's mother-in-law, sister, and two sisters-in-law. They bring them to Cuernavaca as hostages.

February 27, 1912
The rebels, led by General Emilio Campa, take Juárez without bloodshed. 

February 28, 1912
Revolutionary generals Antonio Rojas and Inez Salazar join general Emilio Campa in Juarez. They prepare to move with their troops towards Chihuahua.

February and early March 1912
Very cruel times.

Juvencio Robles goes on a burning spree. And the unfortunate villages are: San Rafael, Ticuman, Los Hornos, Coajo Mulco, Ocotepec, and Nexpa, and of course every field he could get a match on.

The inhabitants are either corralled and put into special labor camps or told to report each day. Especially men of military age are sent to labor camps outside the state. Many will never return.

Hung people dangling from whatever high spot was nearest at the time is a common sight. People are shot by the dozen, with or without charges, nobody gives a damn anymore. Soldiers turn bandits. They murder, rape, and steal their way through the state of  Morelos.

The recent events are an eye opener for the peasants. Having lost either home or family, or both, they join  Zapata's army.

March 3, 1912
 Pascual Orozco revolts in Chihuahua. Federal troops withdraw from
 Morelos to regroup.

March 23, 1912
First Battle of Rellano. Chihuahua rebels against federal troops. Crushing defeat for the Feds. The federal commander General Gonzalez Salas commits suicide during the subsequent retreat.

Mexico City is freaked. In total panic, they drag  Huerta back out of retirement.

April 1, 1912
Rebel commanders Neri and Salazar sweep into Tepoztlán, in the north of

April 2, 1912
 Zapata's troops capture Jonacatepec.

April 6, 1912
 Zapata joins Mendoza, Vazquez and others for joint attacks on Tlaquiltenango, Tlaltizapan and Jojutla.

Second week of April 1912
Federal troops reoccupy Tepoztlan, Jonacatepec and Jonutla.

April 30, 1912
Eufemio Zapata returns lands to the peasants at Ixcamilpa, Puebla, that had previously been taken from them.

May 1912
 Zapata withdraws into eastern Guerrero. Stalemate. Zapata sets up camp in the region south of Chilpancingo.

Early May 1912
Naranjo sends a complaint about Juvencio Robles to  Madero.

Mid-May 1912
Naranjo announces that law and order are soon to be restored.

Third week of May 1912
State elections

May 23, 1912
Second Battle of Rellano.

Victoriano Huerta leads the Federals,  Pascual Orozco leads the rebels. Orozco has to stomach a heavy defeat and retreats north.

June 4, 1912
 Victoriano Huerta puts Pancho Villa in prison in Mexico City on charges of persistent insubordination and refusal to return stolen horses.

July 1, 1912
 Huerta is still on  Orozco's heels. Orozco moves his headquarters from Chihuahua City to Ciudad Juarez.

July 6, 1912
 Huerta's victory at Bachimba.

July 8, 1912
 Huerta enters Chihuahua City.

 Madero and Huerta hate each other's guts, but Madero promotes Huerta Major General.

Mid-June 1912
Juvencio Robles gets assigned to Puebla. Felipe Ángeles is his successor. Felipe was previously the director of the National Military College, a man who promotes sympathy and leniency.

July 17, 1912
State deputies of
 Morelos assemble in Cuernavaca. These guys had just been recently elected at the end of May 1912. None of them was a plantation owner.

July 20, 1912
Genovevo de la O attacks a train at the Parres station, just a few miles over the border in the Federal District. Nearly 100 casualties, many of them civilians.

Shortly after this attack  Zapata and Jesús Morales push their troops northward from Guerrero into southwest  Morelos, thus threatening Jojutla and Yautepec.

July 22, 1912
Francisco Naranjo officially succeeds Ambrosio Figueroa as governor of
 Morelos. Ambrosio had already resigned on January 17, 1912.

August 5, 1912
The new deputies of
 Morelos are giving Naranjo the boot, as he was not officially appointed / elected. The new interim governor for Morelos is Aniceto Villamar, a lawyer from Tepoztlán. Aniceto will remain in office until December 1, 1912.

October 16, 1912
Félix Díaz, nephew of the old dictator Porfirio Diaz, initiates a revolt and seizes the port of Veracruz. But nobody supports him and his uprising collapses quickly within a few days.

October 23, 1912
Félix Díaz goes to prison in Mexico City. Felix will strike again early next year.

December 1, 1912
Interim governor Aniceto Villamar steps down in favor of the new governor of
 Morelos Patricio Leyva.

The year 1912 ended in peace.  Zapata's family was released from Cuernavaca jail.  Orozco remains in hiding in the US.






More History


Video Clip: Revolución Mexicana

Crank up the volume and get yourself in the mood for the Mexican Revolution!

Mexican Revolution Links

Mexican Revolution Summary

Pancho Villa

Emiliano Zapata

Porfirio Diaz

Francisco I. Madero

Victoriano Huerta

Venustiano Carranza

Alvaro Obregon

Gildardo Magaña

Genovevo de la O

Francisco León de la Barra

Otilio E. Montaño

Pablo Escandón y Barrón

Pascual Orozco

Pablo González Garza


All Mexican Revolution Timelines

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1910

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1911

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1912

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1913

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1914

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1915

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1916

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1917

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1918

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1919

Mexican Revolution Timeline 1920

Mexican Revolution Documents

Plan of San Luis Potosí

Plan of Ayala

Mexican Revolution Movies
More or less authentic. Excellent Western Classics!

Viva Zapata! 1952
Viva Zapata! 1952

A Bullet for the General, 1966
A Bullet for the General, 1966

The Professionals, 1966
The Professionals, 1966

Run, Man, Run, 1968
RUN, MAN, RUN, 1968

The Wild Bunch, 1969
The Wild Bunch, 1969

Companeros, 1970
Companeros, 1970

Duck You Sucker aka A Fistful of Dynamite, 1971
Duck You Sucker, 1971
aka A Fistful of Dynamite


Mexican Revolution Maps

Mexico - The Constitutionalist Revolution, 1910-1920
Click map to enlarge

Mexican Revolution - Major Battles
Mexican Revolution - Major Battles
Click map to enlarge

Historical Map of the Mexican State (estado) of Morelos, around 1910
Morelos State, Mexico
Click map to enlarge

Mexico and the State Morelos
Click map to enlarge


Speech Archive

Browse famous speeches in history:

Speeches By Date

Speeches By Speaker

Speeches By Topic









French Revolution - Its Causes, Its Victims, Its Effects


People in History

Historic People - Main

People in History A - C

People in History D - F

People in History G - I

People in History J - M

People in History N - Q

People in History R - Z

Royal Families

Tribes & Peoples

Explorers, Scientists & Inventors

Musicians, Painters & Artists

Poets, Writers & Philosophers

First Ladies

Native Americans & The Wild West





Wars, Battles & Revolutions

Wars & Revolutions A

Wars & Revolutions B - E

Wars & Revolutions F - G

Wars & Revolutions H - J

Wars & Revolutions K - O

Wars & Revolutions P - R

Wars & Revolutions S - Z

Wars & Revolutions Chronological

Battles A - C

Battles D - L

Battles M - P

Battles Q - Z

Battles Ancient Times - 1499

Battles 1500 - 1799

Battles 1800 - Today



History Dictionary A - F

History Dictionary G - Z

Source Text - By Title

Source Text - By Author

Historic Documents A - Z

Historic Documents Chronological

History News




Kids & History


About Us

Write Me



Sitemap 01   Sitemap 02   Sitemap 03    Sitemap 04   Sitemap 05   Sitemap 06  
Sitemap 07   Sitemap 08   Sitemap 09    Sitemap 10   Sitemap 11   Sitemap 12
Sitemap 13   Sitemap 14   Sitemap 15    Sitemap 16   Sitemap 17   Sitemap 18
Sitemap 19   Sitemap 20   Sitemap 21    Sitemap 22   Sitemap 23

Site Search






© 2016 Emerson Kent