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HOME   -   HISTORY TIMELINES   -   TIMELINES OF THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION   -   YEAR 1913

 
   



US AMBASSADOR TO MEXICO MIXED UP IN MADERO KILLING
Mexican History 1913
 

Mexican Revolution Timeline - Year 1913
 

February 9 - February 18, 1913

The Ten Tragic Days overthrow Francisco Madero, bring
Victoriano Huerta to power, and leave Mexico City in ruins.



February 19, 1913


Victoriano Huerta is the new president of Mexico.


February 22, 1913

Francisco Madero and José Pino Suárez are shot while transferred from one prison to another. The official version is that they had been shot during an attempted rescue by Maderistas. Unofficially it was on Huerta's orders.

Patricio Leyva, the elected governor of Morelos, resigns.


February 24, 1913
Francisco Madero and José Pino Suárez buried.


February 27, 1913
Emiliano Zapata sends a note to Genovevo de la O, advising him to "attack the enemy as often as he presents himself."


March 1913
Emiliano Zapata sends a note to
Victoriano Huerta, informing him that the rebellion continues. Venustiano Carranza emerges as a new anti-Huerta rebel leader in the north.

Huerta decides to reactivate Juvencio Robles and to pull him back out of retirement. Huerta declares martial law in the southern states.


March 4, 1913
President Woodrow Wilson becomes 28th president of the United States.


March 13, 1913
Pancho Villa and a small group of like-minded folks cross the border from Texas to Mexico.

Battle of Nogales, Sonora. Approx 400 federal troops, led by General Emilio Kosterlitzky looked 2,000 rebels, led by General Alvaro Obregon, deep in the eye and decided to give up. The Federals lost four men, five wounded, five taken prisoner. The rebels lost six men and nine wounded. Instead of surrendering to the rebels, the Federals crossed the border and handed their arms over to Captain Cornelius C. Smith Sr of the US 5th cavalry.

During the following days, Venustiano Carranza, Alvaro Obregón, and Pancho Villa prepare their campaigns. Pascual Orozco returns to Chihuahua to continue the fight there.


March 14, 1913

Dictator
Victoriano Huerta reveals to an American ambassador that up to 20,000 people from Morelos are scheduled for relocation into labor camp at Quintana Roo.


March 26, 1913
Venustiano Carranza comes up with his Plan of Guadalupe and initiates his Constitutionalist Revolution. And here is the map:

Mexico - The Constitutionalist Revolution, 1910-1920
THE CONSTITUTIONALIST REVOLUTION
Click map to enlarge

 

Sometime between March and April 1913
Pascual Orozco defects to
Victoriano Huerta. And here you can see them hugging.

Pascual Orozco and Victoriano Huerta hugging.
OROZCO HUGS HIS NEW FRIEND HUERTA
Mexican History 1913


April 14, 1913
Juvencio Robles returns to Cuernavaca and sends the elected deputies of  Morelos to the Mexico City jail.


April 17, 1913

Juvencio Robles assumes full power in the  Morelos state capital Cuernavaca. Former governor of Morelos, Patricio Leyva had resigned previously. See February 22, 1913.

Battle of Jonacatepec. Emiliano Zapata attacks the city of Jonacatepec.


April 18, 1913
Zapata takes the city of Jonacatepec after a 36 hour long battle. Zapata captures plenty of arms, ammunition, and General Higinio Aguilar, who then defects to Zapata.

Zapata sets up headquarters at Tepalcingo.


April 21, 1913
Victoriano Huerta tells unhappy planters that he will be on top of the rebel problem within a month.


April 23, 1913
Huerta's speech appears in the Mexican Herald.

Siege of Cuautla. Zapata laid siege to the city.

Round about t