Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand's family had aristocratic
roots but lacked its befitting wealth. However, the Talleyrands were
very proud of their family tree.
Older spellings of the name
Talleyrand are Taleyrand, Taleyran, Talieran, or
The name Talleyrand is of unknown origin and goes back to the 12th
century. Some think it stems from a
feudal tenure, others think it started as a nickname for soldiers (taille
rangs = mow down the ranks) and eventually developed into a
Here is the coat of arms of the
Talleyrand-Périgords at their tomb at the cemetery of Auteuil —
three rampant lions with crowns:
Talleyrand Coat of
Re Que Diou = Rien Que Dieu, or Nothing but God,
in other words Only God Above Us, a motto that reflects the
proud mindset of the Talleyrands, especially in light of the fact
that France was governed by an absolute monarch until 1792.
Talleyrand's paternal grandfather,
Daniel-Marie-Anne, Marquis de Talleyrand-Périgord, Comte
de Grignols, was killed at the
Siege of Tournai.
Charles' father was Charles-Daniel, Comte
Talleyrand-Périgord, who lived from June 16, 1734 -
November 4, 1788, and made it to lieutenant general in the royal
Charles' mother was
Alexandrine-Marie-Victoire-Eléonore de Damas d'Antigny,
daughter of Joseph-François,
Marquis d'Antigny, who died June 14, 1809.
The two married on January 12, 1751.
Charles-Daniel was 16, Alexandrine was 22 years old at the time.
They had four sons.
Their fist son was Alexandre-François-Jacques, born
on January 18, 1752. Alex died at
five years of age.
Their second son was Charles-Maurice.
Their third son was
in 1762. Following his father's example, Archie became lieutenant
general as well.
Their fourth son was
Boson-Jacques, also lieutenant
general, and later governor of Saint-Germain-en-Laye.
Catherine Noël Grand, nee Worlée. Born November 21,
In 1815, they separated.
Talleyrand had no legitimate children.