Louis-Philippe was the king of France from 1830 - 1848.
He came to power thanks to the
July Revolution that
ended the reign of
Assassination Attempt on Louis-Philippe
The 44 year old Corsican
Giuseppe Maria Fieschi
and two other members of the Société des Droits de
l'Homme (Society for the Rights of Man), the saddler
Pierre Morey and the
grocer Pierre Pépin,
built an apparatus that could fire 24 guns simultaneously.
On July 28, 1835, around noon,
King Louis-Philippe was on his way to review the National
Garde for the celebrations, as was the case each year, on
the anniversary of the
With him travelled his sons and
a large crowd.
When they passed Fieschi's
apartment in a building located at the Boulevard du Temple,
Fieschi and his buddies fired away. The King and his sons
didn't get hit, but the crowd around them was mowed down, 18
people were killed and many wounded.
Among the victims was
Maréchal Mortier (Édouard
Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, duc de Trevise), several
senior officers, troops of the National Guards and
spectators of all ages.
The three conspirators were
guillotined on February 19, 1836.
A link between the Société
des Droits de l'Homme and this assassination attempt
could not be established. It appeared to have been the
personal act of the three shooters.
As a result, Louis-Philippe
henceforth kept a low profile when moving in public places.
One of Louis-Philippe's generals
In 1847, Louis Philippe became
the second French king who awarded one of his officers (Nicolas
Jean de Dieu Soult) the title of
maréchal général de France.
The first king to do so had been
Louis XV in 1733.
Revolution of 1848 ended Louis-Philippe's rule.
He abdicated on February 24, 1848.
Governments of France.