French Revolutionary Wars Timeline: 1794

Go here for the French Revolutionary Wars in a Nutshell.

If these timelines of the French Revolutionary Wars are too detailed, check the  French Revolutionary Wars - Key Events, which are a summary of the years 1792-1802.

For events closer related to the Revolution see the  Timeline of the French Revolution 1789-1799.

Go here for the  Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815.

January 6, 1794
Ferrand is the new commander of the
Army of the North. His post is temporary.


January 14, 1794
Michaud is the new commander of the
Army of the Rhine.


January 16, 1794
Dugommier is the new commander of the
Army of the Eastern Pyrenees.


January 21, 1794
Alexandre Dumas is the new commander of the
Army of the Alps.


January 24, 1794
French General Luckner was guillotined today.


January 24, 1794
Talleyrand, residing in London, is told to leave Britain within five days. He will get an extension and eventually leave for the United States on March 2, 1794.


January 27, 1794
Pichegru is the new commander of the
Army of the North. He also has the command over the Army of the Ardennes.


February 3, 1794
The envoys from Saint Domingue (Louis-Pierre Dufay, a white deputy, Jean-Baptiste Mills, of mixed race, and Jean-Baptiste Belley, a former black slave) arrive and are admitted before the Convention at Paris.

February 4, 1794
The National Convention decrees the abolition of slavery in all French colonies, except Bourbon Island (Reunion) and the Mascarene Islands in the Indian Ocean.

This is the first abolition. It will be revoked in 1802. The second, and final, abolition will be passed in 1848.

For more about the events of February 3 and 4, 1794, see also the Haitian Revolution.


February 12, 1794
The National Convention decrees that Marseille will keep its name. For a while it was called The City Without a Name (Ville sans nom), thanks to Louis Marie Stanislas Fréron, who wanted to illustrate what would happen to people who oppose the revolution.


February 15, 1794
The drapeau tricolore is the official French flag, with blue and red (the colors of Paris) and white (the color of royalty), arranged in three equal stripes and, following the recommendation of the painter David, the blue should always be attached to the mast.

Already, these colors had been sported by King Louis XVI on July 17, 1789.

French Tricolore
The Tricolore


February 26, 1794
The National Convention passes t
he Ventose Decrees (Décrets de Ventôse), part 1 of 2. In the French republican calendar, today is 8 Ventôse, year II.


March 2, 1794
Talleyrand leaves for the United States.


March 3, 1794
The National Convention passes t
he Ventose Decrees (Décrets de Ventôse), part 2 of 2. In the French republican calendar, today is 13 Ventôse, year II.

The Ventose Decrees legalize the confiscation of property from enemies of the State for the distribution among the poor.


March 12, 1794
Poland erupts in an uprising against Russia and Prussia, led by Tadeusz Kosciuszko.


March 19, 1794
Jean-Baptiste Jourdan becomes commander of the Army of the Moselle, succeeding General Lazare Hoche, who will be arrested on March 22, 1794.


March 22, 1794
General Lazare Hoche is arrested.


March 24, 1794
Jacques René Hébert — main man of the sansculottes, leader of the  Club of the Cordeliers, supporter of the  Reign of Terror — and 17 revolutionaries who agreed with him, are guillotined.


April 1794
The Army of the Moselle, led by
Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, and the Army of the North, led by Charles Pichegru, join and invade the Austrian Netherlands (approx. today's Belgium and Luxembourg).


April 4, 1794
Fresh out of winter camp, France resumes the war against Spain and the Roussillon Campaign. They will even invade Catalonia.

Horatio Nelson is made commander of the bombardment on Bastia, Corsica.


April 5, 1794
Georges Danton (First President of the Committee of Public Safety) and Camille Desmoulins (supported the storming of the Bastille, the abolition of the monarchy, but dared to criticize the Committee of Public Safety) are  guillotined.


April 20, 1794
Josephine de Beauharnais, future wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, is arrested and imprisoned at the Prison des Carmes, a former convent of the Carmelites. She will have to stay here until August 6, 1794.


May 7, 1794
The worship of the Supreme Being is set up and made law by decree.

"The French people recognize the existence of the Supreme Being and the immortality of the soul. They recognize that the worship worthy of the Supreme Being is the practice of the duties of man."

As annual national holidays are declared:

July 14, 1789 (fall of the Bastille)

August 10, 1792 (overthrow of the monarchy)

January 21, 1793 (execution of Louis XVI)

and May 31, 1793 (purge of the Girondins)


May 8, 1794
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (French chemist and tax farmer) is


May 10, 1794
Princess Elizabeth of France (Louis XVI's baby sister) is


May 18, 1794
 Battle of Tourcoing. French victory.


May 22, 1794
Battle of Tournai.


May 23, 1794
Bastia, Corsica, surrenders to the British.


June 1, 1794
Battle of the First of June

This battle is also called the Battle of the Glorious First of June or the Second Battle of Ushant (the First Battle of Ushant having been fought back in July 1778.)

This is the first naval battle of the French Revolutionary Wars, fought between the French fleet, led by Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse and the British fleet, led by Admiral Richard Howe, off Ouessant Island, also called Ushant Island, located 20 miles west off Brest, Bretagne. The French fleet escorted a grain convoy from America.

British victory, but the French performed surprisingly well. The grain gets to France.


June 3, 1794
General Jourdan is appointed commander of the Army of the Sambre and Meuse. This Army combined

the former left wing of the Army of the Moselle,

the former right wing of the Army of the North,

and the entire Army of the Ardennes.


June 8, 1794
Festival of the Supreme Being (Fête de l’Être Suprême)


June 10, 1794
The last six weeks of the Reign of Terror begin today, also called the Great Terror.

Today a new law has been created, stripping a suspect of all of his or her rights. From now on, there is no right to a defense lawyer and no right to a hearing. The only punishment is the death penalty.

In the French republican calendar, today is 22 Prairial, year II. Hence, the new law is the Law of 22 Prairial.


June 15, 1794
With Pascal Paoli's blessing, the British set up an Anglo-Corsican kingdom on  Corsica.

The British, who had to evacuate Toulon on December 19 1793, succeeded in breaking the French resistance at Bastia, Calvi, and Saint-Florent.

The island will be back in firm French hands by October 1797.


June 17, 1794
Austrian's field marshal Clerfayt tried to relieve the French Siege of Ypres, but couldn't pull it off. The siege ends when its garrison capitulates on June 17. The French, led by General Pichegru, take the town two days later.


June 26, 1794
 Battle of Fleurus. Important French victory. For the next twenty years, France, instead of Austria, will occupy the Low Countries.

Men of the day are French Generals Jourdan and Kleber.


June 29, 1794
The right wing of the Army of the North and the left wing of the Army of the Moselle are merged and called the Army of Sambre-et-Meuse (Armée de Sambre-et-Meuse). Commander: Jourdan.


July 5, 1794
The Duke of York and Coburg meet just outside of Waterloo. Frederick, the Duke of York, recommended the ridge right there as a good position to defend Brussels. Frederick, the Prince of Coburg, rejected the idea and Brussels was again abandoned by the Austrians.

The British will withdraw direction north to the Waal River and the Austrians will retreat to the east. The French, in turn, will follow up their victory with an advance into the Rhineland.


July 12, 1794
British Horatio Nelson loses his right eye during preparations to capture Calvi, Corsica. Ever the tough bone, he reports, "However the blemish is nothing, not to be perceived unless told."

In 1795, he will point out that he "can see very well with the other."


July 25, 1794
First French assault on San Sebastian and siege situation.


July 27, 1794
Antwerp falls. The Dutch in the Austrian Netherlands surrender.

In Paris, the Revolution of the 9th Thermidor, year II, takes place. The  National Convention (the French parliament) reasserts its power. Paris is done with Robespierre's  Reign of Terror.


July 28, 1794
Maximilien de Robespierre, Louis de Saint-Just, and others are guillotined. The  Reign of Terror is officially over.


August 2, 1794
James Monroe arrives in Paris to replace Gouverneur Morris as Minister Plenipotentiary.


August 4, 1794
The French take San Sebastian.

Map Location of San Sebastian
Map Location of San Sebastian
Click to enlarge


August 6, 1794
Josephine de Beauharnais is released from the Prison des Carmes. She had been a prisoner here since April 20, 1794.


August 9, 1794
The French take Trier.


August 10, 1794
Calvi, Corsica, surrenders to the British. Nelson earned it, having given his right eye for this.


August 13, 1794
In his capacity as Minister Plenipotentiary, James Monroe addresses the National Convention about the Franco-American friendship.


September 23, 1794
The French take Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) for the second time.


October 2, 1794
Battle of Aldenhoven. French victory.


October 3, 1794
Having had to stomach the execution of his sister  Marie Antoinette a year ago, Maximilian Francis (German: Max Franz) is eager to avoid a personal encounter with the French. He abandons his home at Bonn and escapes first to Dorsten, then to other destinations. Finally in 1800 he will arrive back at Vienna.


October 6, 1794
The French take Cologne. For the proud city of Cologne, this means enemy occupation for the first time since 900 years.

Also, on this day, the French shell Dusseldorf from the left side of the Rhine River. Bombardment will continue until tomorrow.


October 8, 1794
The French take Bonn without a fight and won't leave until January 1814.


October 23, 1794
The French take Coblenz.


November 5, 1794
Thanks to the U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary, James Monroe, Thomas Paine gets out of prison today.


November 19, 1794
t London, representatives of the United States and Great Britain sign the Jay Treaty, also known as the Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation.

France will see this as direct violation of their 1778 treaties and retaliate.


December 27, 1794
Pichegru and his army enter Holland and arrive just south of Rotterdam.




More History


French Revolution 1789–1799

Timelines of the French Revolution

French Revolution: Year 1789

French Revolution: Year 1790

French Revolution: Year 1791


French Revolutionary Wars 1792-1802

Timelines of the French Revolutionary Wars

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1792

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1793

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1794

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1795

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1796

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1797

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1798

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1799

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1800

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1801

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1802


Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815

Timelines of the Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1803

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1804

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1805

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1806

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1807

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1808

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1809

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1810

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1811

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1812

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1813

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1814

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1815



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