French Revolutionary Wars Timeline: 1797

Go here for the French Revolutionary Wars in a Nutshell.

If these timelines of the French Revolutionary Wars are too detailed, check the  French Revolutionary Wars - Key Events, which are a summary of the years 1792-1802.

For events closer related to the Revolution see the  Timeline of the French Revolution 1789-1799.

Go here for the  Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815.

January 14, 1797
Battle of Rivoli. Part of the Italian Campaign. Bonaparte's victory over the Austrians.


January 29, 1797
In Gibraltar, British Horatio Nelson gets news that the Spanish fleet is sailing direction Cadiz.


February 2, 1797
The Siege of Mantua ends. It had begun on June 4, 1796. Part of the Italian Campaign. Bonaparte's victory over the Austrians.


February 14, 1797
 Battle of St Vincent. British victory off the Cape of St. Vincent. Defeat of the Spanish fleet. Nelson is on the HMS Captain.


February 18, 1797
From Brest in Brittany, the French send another invasion force direction British Isles. The four vessels will land in Wales on February 22, 1797.


February 19, 1797
Treaty of Tolentino, or Peace of Tolentino, between Napoleon Bonaparte and Pope Pius VI.


February 22, 1797
A small French invasion force of 1,200 men, led by Jean-Joseph Castagnier and William Tate, lands near Fishguard Bay. Their mission was to reach Bristol and to wreak havoc. The ships had started their journey on February 18, 1797.

This event is sometimes referred to as the Battle of Fishguard.

The French will surrender on February 24, 1797.

Here is the map

Map Location Fishguard, Pembrokeshire, Wales, UK
Map Location Fishguard, Pembrokeshire, Wales, UK


February 24, 1797
The French landing near Fishguard ends in the unconditional surrender of the invaders to John Campbell, the Baron Cawdor, who lived just around the corner at Stackpole Court.


March 4, 1797
It's Saturday and the second president of the United States,
John Adams, delivers his Inaugural Address.


April 17, 1797
 Treaty of Leoben. Peace between Austria and France. The armistice is concluded with Napoleon only a hundred miles from Vienna itself. This is a preliminary treaty.


April 18, 1797
General Hoch defeats the Austrians, led by Franz von Werneck, at the Battle of Neuwied.


May 27, 1797
François Noël Babeuf (communist revolutionary) is guillotined.


June 15, 1797
Ligurian Republic is set up.


July 9, 1797
Napoleon creates the
Cisalpine Republic, which will be confirmed by the Austrians with the Treaty of Campo Formio in October 1797.


July 23, 1797
The new French Defense Minister is Barthelemy-Louis-Joseph Scherer. He succeeds Claude Petiet.


September 4, 1797
Coup d'état of 18 Fructidor, year V.
Encouraged by
Napoleon, the Directory eliminates the royalists from the government.

Carnot flees the country and settles at Nuremberg, Germany.


September 19, 1797
Lafayette and his family is released from his Austrian prison. He will go to Holland for two years, before returning to France.


September 29, 1797
Army of Germany is created by merging the Army of Sambre and Meuse with the Army of Rhine and Moselle. Commander: Augereau.


October 11, 1797
Battle of Camperdown. Defeat of the Dutch (Batavian Republic) fleet.


October 17, 1797
Peace of Campo Formio. Austria is forced to agree to the French possession of Belgium, the extension of the French eastern frontier to the Rhine, and the transformation of northern Italy into a French dependency.

This is the end of the  War of the First Coalition. France won.

Here is the map:

Central Europe 1797
Central Europe after the Peace of Basel (1795)
and of Campo Formio (1797)


October 26, 1797

Creation of the Army of England (Armée d'Angleterre). Commander:  
Bonaparte. Desaix is commander (temp) while Bonaparte is on a diplomatic mission.


December 9, 1797
Congress of Peace at Rastatt
(Rastatter Friedenskongress)

The French had taken the lands on the left bank of the Rhine River. The Congress was convened in order to negotiate recompense for the German princes who lost these lands. These negotiations, however, will be unsuccessful.

The participants:

Negotiating for the Austrians are Metternich Sr.,  Metternich Jr., and Count Ludwig von Lehrbach.

Imperial Plenipotentiary for the Kingdom of Hungary and Bohemia: Count Ludwig Cobenzl.

Representative of the Swabian Counts: Count de Sickingen.

The French ministers were Bonnier d'Arco and John Count de Treiliard. Bonaparte had left Rastatt before negotiations began.

This congress formally opened on January 19, 1798. It will last until April 23, 1799.

Also on December 9, 1797:

The Army of Germany is split into the Army of Mainz and the Army of the Rhine. The Army of Mainz (Mayence) is led by General Hatry. The Army of the Rhine is led by General D'Augereau.





More History


French Revolution 1789–1799

Timelines of the French Revolution

French Revolution: Year 1789

French Revolution: Year 1790

French Revolution: Year 1791


French Revolutionary Wars 1792-1802

Timelines of the French Revolutionary Wars

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1792

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1793

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1794

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1795

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1796

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1797

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1798

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1799

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1800

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1801

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1802


Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815

Timelines of the Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1803

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1804

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1805

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1806

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1807

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1808

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1809

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1810

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Napoleonic Wars: Year 1813

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Napoleonic Wars: Year 1815



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