Refusing to be exiled just yet: Napoleon Leaves Elba — February 26, 1815
Refusing to be exiled just yet: Napoleon Leaves Elba — February 26, 1815


Napoleonic Wars Timeline - Year 1815

Go here for the Napoleonic Wars in a nutshell.

Image Above

Napoleon leaves Elba in order to return to France on March 1, 1815

Detail from the oil on canvas by Joseph Beaume, 1836

Musée Naval et Napoléonien à Antibes


February 17, 1815
War of 1812 between the U.S. and Britain ends. It had begun on June 18, 1812. The Treaty of Ghent that ended this war was signed on December 24, 1814.

Today in Washington D.C., U.S. President Madison signs the treaty and exchanges ratifications with British diplomat Anthony Baker.


February 26, 1815
Napoleon leaves Elba.


March 1, 1815
Napoleon is back from Elba and arrives on the mainland at Cannes.


March 11, 1815
The new French Defense Minister Henri-Jacques-Guillaume Clarke, Duc de Feltre. He succeeds Jean de Dieu Soult, Duc de Dalmatie.


March 13, 1815
Thanks to Napoleon's return,  Louis XVIII had some really bad days. He packs his bags and escapes to Ghent. The First Bourbon Restoration ends.


March 20, 1815
Napoleon arrives at Paris. Napoleon's Hundred Days begin. They will end on July 8, 1815.

The new War Minister is Louis-Nicolas Davout, Duc d'Auerstaedt, Prince d'Eckmuehl (Eckmühl). He replaces Henri-Jacques-Guillaume Clarke, Duc de Feltre.


June 9, 1815
Final Act of the Congress of Vienna. This act concludes the Congress of Vienna, which had been gathered since September 18, 1814.


June 18, 1815
Battle of Waterloo. Napoleon's swan-song.

At around 4 p.m., when the Battle of Waterloo had been fought since several hours, the Battle of Wavre begins. It will end tomorrow. The French, led by Maréchal Emmanuel de Grouchy and General Gérard, fight the Prussians, led by General von Thielmann. Between 40,000 and 50,000 troops are involved in this battle.

Battle of Wavre - June 18 and 19, 1815
Battle of Wavre


June 19, 1815
The Battle of Wavre ends. It had begun yesterday. With the end of this battle, the combating of the Napoleonic Wars is over. However, it will take until November 20, 1815, to have drafted and signed a suitable peace treaty.


June 22, 1815
For the second time, Napoleon is forced to abdicate. This time for good. His first abdication had been announced on April 6, 1814.

Napoleon abdicates in favor of his four-year-old son, Napoleon François Charles Joseph Bonaparte, aka Napoleon II, the King of Rome. Instead, the French will restore Louis XVIII.


June 25, 1815
Napoleon leaves Paris for Malmaison, then on to Noirot, and finally Rochefort at the west coast, where he will try to get a passage to America.

Louis XVIII is back in the country. He will be back in Paris on July 8, 1815.


July 3, 1815
Napoleon arrives at Rochefort, where he tries to catch a vessel to the United States.


July 7, 1815
The allies enter Paris.


July 8, 1815
 Louis XVIII returns to Paris. This is the beginning of the Second Bourbon Restoration. It will end on August 2, 1830.

 Napoleon's Hundred Days end. They had begun on March 20, 1815.


July 9, 1815
The new War Minister is Laurent, Comte Gouvion Saint-Cyr. He replaces Louis-Nicolas Davout, Duc d'Auerstaedt, Prince d'Eckmuehl (Eckmühl).


July 15, 1815
Due to the British blockade, Napoleon is unable to leave for the U.S. Today, he decides to surrender to the British. He gives himself up to Captain Maitland of the HMS Bellerophon, in the hopes of being granted exile in Britain.


July 28, 1815
Napoleon learns that he will be transported to St. Helena.


September 24, 1815
The new War Minister is Henri-Jacques Clarke, Duc de Feltre. He replaces Laurent, Comte Gouvion Saint-Cyr.

De Feltre will be in office until September 12, 1817, when Gouvion Saint-Cyr will take back his office chair.


September 26, 1815
The Holy Alliance is formed and signed at Paris by Austria, Russia, and Prussia. This alliance emphasizes the desire to maintain Christian values in international politics. Eventually, all European powers will sign this alliance, except Britain, the Ottoman Empire, and the Pope.



The Napoleonic Wars end.

November 20, 1815
Second Peace of Paris, or Second Treaty of Paris. The Napoleonic Wars are officially over. Treaties between France and the allies (Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia) had once again become necessary after Napoleon's return in March 1815.

In comparison with the First Treaty of Paris from May 30, 1814, this Second Treaty left France with lesser territory. French borders are defined as the ones that were in effect in 1790. The First Treaty gave France the wider borders of 1792.

And another agreement was signed today, the Quadruple Alliance, in which Great Britain, Austria, Russia, and Prussia confirmed their support of each other, their commitment to implement the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna, and their mutual interest in a balanced power in Europe. The last point, of course, put an emphasis on keeping France in its place, now that the Napoleonic Wars were over.

In 1818 — at the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle, which gathered from October 1 to November 15 — this Quadruple Alliance will admit France as fifth ally and thus become the Quintuple Alliance.






More History


French Revolution 1789–1799

Timelines of the French Revolution

French Revolution: Year 1789

French Revolution: Year 1790

French Revolution: Year 1791


French Revolutionary Wars 1792-1802

Timelines of the French Revolutionary Wars

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1792

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1793

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1794

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1795

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1796

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1797

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1798

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1799

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1800

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1801

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1802


Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815

Timelines of the Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1803

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1804

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1805

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1806

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1807

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1808

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1809

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1810

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1811

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1812

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1813

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1814

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1815


The War of 1812

Timeline of the War of 1812: Year 1812

Timeline of the War of 1812: Year 1813

Timeline of the War of 1812: Year 1814

Timeline of the War of 1812: Year 1815


Online History Dictionary A - Z
History Dictionary A - Z



Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution 1917

Two revolutions in 1917 changed Russia for good. How the Russians transformed from Empire to the Bolshevik's "Peace, Land, and Bread" government:

Russian Revolution of 1917

Bolshevik Revolution

Russian Revolution Timeline

Grigory Y. Rasputin

World War One

Vladimir I. Lenin

Joseph Stalin



Greco-Persian Wars

Also called the Persian Wars, the Greco-Persian Wars were fought for almost half a century from 492 BC - 449 BC. Greece won against enormous odds. Here is more:

Battle of Marathon
Battle of Thermopylae
Battle of Salamis
Battle of Plataea




Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution

Check out the
Timelines of the Mexican Revolution

Mexico's transition from dictatorship to constitutional republic translated into ten messy years of skirmishing in Mexican history.

More from the Mexican Revolution:

Pancho Villa

Emiliano Zapata

Francisco I. Madero

Causes of the Mexican Revolution

Women in the Mexican Revolution

Summary of the Mexican Revolution


American Timeline 1492-Today





French Revolution - Its Causes, Its Victims, Its Effects


People in History

Historic People - Main

People in History A - C

People in History D - F

People in History G - I

People in History J - M

People in History N - Q

People in History R - Z

Royal Families

Tribes & Peoples

Explorers, Scientists & Inventors

Musicians, Painters & Artists

Poets, Writers & Philosophers

First Ladies

Native Americans & The Wild West





Wars, Battles & Revolutions

Wars & Revolutions A

Wars & Revolutions B - E

Wars & Revolutions F - G

Wars & Revolutions H - J

Wars & Revolutions K - O

Wars & Revolutions P - R

Wars & Revolutions S - Z

Wars & Revolutions Chronological

Battles A - C

Battles D - L

Battles M - P

Battles Q - Z

Battles Ancient Times - 1499

Battles 1500 - 1799

Battles 1800 - Today



History Dictionary A - F

History Dictionary G - Z

Source Text - By Title

Source Text - By Author

Historic Documents A - Z

Historic Documents Chronological

History News




Kids & History


About Us

Write Me



Sitemap 01   Sitemap 02   Sitemap 03    Sitemap 04   Sitemap 05   Sitemap 06  
Sitemap 07   Sitemap 08   Sitemap 09    Sitemap 10   Sitemap 11   Sitemap 12
Sitemap 13   Sitemap 14   Sitemap 15    Sitemap 16   Sitemap 17   Sitemap 18
Sitemap 19   Sitemap 20   Sitemap 21    Sitemap 22   Sitemap 23

Site Search






© 2016 Emerson Kent