French Revolutionary Wars Timeline: 1799

Go here for the French Revolutionary Wars in a Nutshell.

If these timelines of the French Revolutionary Wars are too detailed, check the  French Revolutionary Wars - Key Events, which are a summary of the years 1792-1802.

For events closer related to the Revolution see the  Timeline of the French Revolution 1789-1799.

Go here for the  Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815.


January 2, 1799
Britain and the Ottoman Empire sign a treaty of alliance at Constantinople.


January 21, 1799
The Ottoman Empire and the Two Sicilies sign a treaty of alliance at Constantinople.


January 23, 1799
The French occupy Naples.


January 24, 1799
At Naples, the French proclaim the
Parthenopean Republic, which will last until June 13, 1799.


January 30, 1799
Creation of the
Army of Observation (Armée d'Observation). Commander: Bernadotte.


February 21, 1799
The new French Defense Minister is Louis-Marie-Antoine Millet de Mureau. He succeeds Barthelemy-Louis-Joseph Scherer.


March 2, 1799
Massena is the new commander of the Army of Helvetia.


March 3, 1799
The Siege of Jaffa (part of the Syrian Expedition) begins. It will end on March 7, 1799.


March 7, 1799
Creation of the
Army of the Danube. Commander: Jourdan. Formerly, it has been the Army of Observation.

The Siege of Jaffa (part of the Syrian Expedition) ends. It had begun on March 3, 1799. Napoleon Bonaparte and his soldiers take the city, leave their sick soldiers (plague) at the Armenian monastery, and then continue north to Acre.

You can visit the Armenian monastery today, by the way. Just set your GPS to 32° 3′ 18.92″ N 34° 45′ 8.22″ E. You will find yourself in today's Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Back to 1799.

Apparently, rumors later circulated accusing Bonaparte of having poisoned those of his soldiers that had contracted the plague. To this end, Bonaparte ordered a canvas that would not only contradict the rumors, but also make him the Messiah of the story.

Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa
Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa
Bonaparte, ignoring the doctor who tries to stop him,
touches a sore on one of the plague victims with his bare hands.
Not coincidentally, the viewer is reminded of Jesus Christ.

Detail from the massive painting (5.23 x 7.15 meter /17.16 x 23.46 feet)
by Antoine-Jean Gros, 1804


March 12, 1799
France and Austria are officially at war with each other.


March 17, 1799
The French siege of Acre (Akko, Akka, Saint-Jean d'Acre) begins (part of the Syrian Campaign). It will end on March 20, 1799. Acre's sovereign is the Turkish Ahmed El Jazar (Ahmad al-Jazzar).

This siege is part of Bonaparte's Syrian Expedition, which, in turn, is part of his Egyptian Campaign. The Syrian expedition had been launched to prevent a possible attack by the Turks.


March 20, 1799
Bonaparte ends his unsuccessful siege of Acre (part of the Syrian Campaign). It had begun on March 17, 1799.


March 25, 1799
Austria defeats France, led by
General Jean Baptiste Jourdan at the Battle of Stokach, fought at Stokach / Liptingen near Lake Constance.


March 27, 1799
The French arrest
Pope Pius VI.


March 31, 1799
Massena is the new commander of the Army of the Danube.

Mesnard is the new commander of the Army of Helvetia. His post is temporary.


April 8, 1799
Ernouf is the new commander of the
Army of the Danube. On paper it is Massena. Ernouf's post is temporary for the duration of the transition until Massena gets himself set up. Jourdan is on sick leave at Paris since April 3, 1799.


April 16, 1799
Battle of Mount Tabor. The French, led by  Kleber, defeat the Arabs. This battle is part of Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.


April 23, 1799
Congress of Peace at Rastatt (Rastatter Friedenskongress) ends.

This congress had commenced with its first session on December 9, 1797.


April 27, 1799
A Russo-Austrian coalition force, led by Russia's
Count Suvorov and Austria's General Michael Friedrich von Melas, defeats a French army, led by General Moreau at the Battle of Cassano (Cassano d'Adda, 18 miles / 30 km east of Milan).

Suvorov then takes Milan.


April 29, 1799
Army of Helvetia is merged into the Army of the Danube. Commander since March 31, 1799: Massena.


June 1799
Great Britain introduces the income tax to pay for the war. See
French Revolutionary Wars and Income Tax.


June 4 - 6, 1799
 First Battle of Zurich. Austrian victory.


June 17, 1799
The Battle of Trebbia begins. This battle will end on June 19, 1799.


June 18, 1799
Coup d'état of 30 Prairial, year VII. Moderates were kicked out of the Directory.


June 19, 1799
The Battle of Trebbia ends. This battle had commenced on June 17, 1799. A combined force of Russians and Austrians, led by General Suvorov, defeat the French, led by Jacques-Étienne Macdonald, in northern Italy.


July 2, 1799
The new French Defense Minister is Jean Bernadotte. He succeeds Louis-Marie-Antoine Millet de Mureau.


July 11, 1799
A Turkish fleet arrives at Aboukir Bay but they won't come ashore until July 14, 1799.


July 14, 1799
The Ottoman forces who had arrived at Aboukir on July 11, 1799, go ashore. The Battle of Aboukir (part of the Egyptian Campaign) begins. It will end on July 25.

If you referred to the Battle of the Nile (August 1, 1798) as the Battle of Aboukir (Bay), then this battle today should consequently be your Second Battle of Aboukir (Bay).


July 16, 1799
Third day of the Battle of Aboukir (part of the Egyptian Campaign). The Ottoman Turks have gained the upper hand over the French. But the battle is not quite over yet. Bonaparte is on his way.


July 18, 1799
Army of the Danube gets split into two: The Army of the Danube and the  Army of the Rhine.


July 25, 1799
Napoleon Bonaparte crushes the Turks. The Battle of Aboukir (part of the Egyptian Campaign) is over. It had begun on July 14, 1799.


August 15, 1799
Battle of Novi (Novi Ligure). An Austro-Russian army, led by
Alexander V. Suvorov, defeats the French, led by Joubert and Moreau. French General Joubert is killed.


August 24, 1799
Bonaparte manages to sneak out of Egypt. He will land on the French mainland at Frejus on October 9, and arrive in Paris on October 14, 1799.


August 29, 1799
Pope Pius VI dies in French captivity at Valence. The Catholic Church will be without a pope until March 14, 1800.


September 14, 1799
The new French Defense Minister is Edmond-Louis-Alexis Dubois de Crancé. He succeeds Jean Bernadotte.


September 19, 1799
Battle of Bergen. In Holland, the French, led by Guillaume Brune, defeat the British and the Russians.


September 25 - 26, 1799
 Second Battle of Zurich. French victory, led by André Masséna.


September 28, 1799
Russia and Portugal sign a treaty of alliance at Saint Petersburg.


October 1, 1799
Russia and Bavaria sign a treaty of alliance.


October 6, 1799
Battle of Castricum. In Holland, the French, led by Guillaume Brune, defeat the British and the Russians.


October 9, 1799
Bonaparte back on the French mainland. He lands at Frejus and travels on to Paris.


October 14, 1799
Bonaparte back in Paris.


October 18, 1799
Convention of Alkmaar


November 9, 1799
Napoleon Bonaparte comes to power via coup d'état ( Coup d'Etat du 18 Brumaire) that overthrows the  Directory and installs the Consulate.

This is the end of the French Revolution.


November 10, 1799
Installation of the three provisional consuls
 Emmanuel-Joseph Siéyès,  Pierre-Roger Ducos, and  Napoleon Bonaparte.

Also on November 10, 1799
The new French Defense Minister is Louis-Alexandre Berthier. He succeeds Edmond-Louis-Alexis Dubois de Crancé.


November 24, 1799
Army of the Rhine and the Army of the Danube merge into the Army of the Rhine.


December 13, 1799
Constitution of year VIII (Constitution of 22 Frimaire Year VIII). This constitution had been drafted by E.J. Sieyes.


December 14, 1799
George Washington dies at Mount Vernon, Virginia.


December 25, 1799
Adoption of the Constitution of the Year VIII: Bonaparte becomes First Consul of France. Sieyes and Ducos, who?


December 26, 1799
Last day in office for the Conseil des Cinq-Cents. On January 1st, 1800, it will be replaced by the Corps Législatif.




More History


French Revolution 1789–1799

Timelines of the French Revolution

French Revolution: Year 1789

French Revolution: Year 1790

French Revolution: Year 1791


French Revolutionary Wars 1792-1802

Timelines of the French Revolutionary Wars

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1792

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1793

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1794

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1795

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1796

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1797

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1798

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1799

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1800

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1801

French Revolutionary Wars: Year 1802


Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815

Timelines of the Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1803

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1804

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1805

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1806

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1807

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1808

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1809

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1810

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1811

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1812

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1813

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1814

Napoleonic Wars: Year 1815



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