Gaius Julius Caesar 100 - 44 BC
Roman general and
statesman Gaius Julius Caesar was energetic, intelligent, and generous.
Green basanite [quartz] bust of
Julius Caesar. And the British Museum comments:
This portrait is most likely
an image of Caesar made fifty years or more after his murder
in 44 BC. The stone is from Wadi Hamamat in Upper Egypt, and
the facial structure, with high cheekbones and prominent
chin, is reminiscent of many Egyptian portraits.
British Museum London
The Russian word czar and
the German word kaiser derive from Julius Caesar's name.
Although he was
imperator, he never ruled an empire.
See more under
Forms of Governments -
As it was
common and accepted in his culture, Caesar was a lover of both
Life: 100-75 B.C.
Julius was born into a misgoverned and chaotic Rome, its streets
filled with revolutions and massacres. Julius's father, Gaius Caesar, died when Julius was 16 years old.
His mother's name was Aurelia. Julius decided upon a political
career. In the year 84 B.C. Julius married Cornelia. Because Cornelia's
folks were known as political radicals, Julius was pressured to
divorce her. He refused and thought it would be a good idea to leave
Italy for a while. In the year 78 Julius came back to Rome and
resumed his political career as a lawyer. He also studied oratory
and became an excellent public speaker.
and the Pirates
Julius was a man of enormous pride and courage. One day, while on his way to
Rhodes to study oratory, Julius was captured by pirates. Julius was
outraged by the low ransom the pirates demanded for his life. So, he
made them raise the amount of the ransom and told them that he, once
set free, would return to kill them all. And so he did.
Gaius Julius Caesar
Life: 74-59 B.C.
Rome was at odds with
Mithradates, king of Portus. Both factions desired domination
over Asia Minor. When Rome was going to annex
Mithradates started the
Third Mithradatic War in 74 B.C. Julius drummed up a private
army and joined the fight. The war lasted until the year
Cornelia died in the year 69 B.C.
(or in the year 68 B.C., thanks CP for
pointing this out!) and
Julius moved on and married Pompeia.
In the year 68 B.C., Julius was
Farther Spain. His career took off and in 65 B.C. he was elected as
one of the
Aediles, and in 63 B.C. he was elected
Julius was on the roll and in 62
B.C. he was elected
Praetor. In the same year he divorced Pompeia. Good things kept
coming Julius's way and in the year 61 B.C. he was made Governor of
Farther Spain and formed with
Up the career ladder, Julius was
made consul in the year 59 B.C. Also in the year 59 B.C. he
CONQUEST OF GAUL 58 - 50 B.C.
- THE GALLIC WARS
58 BC Julius Caesar begun his conquest of Gaul.
In 58 BC, he
defeated the Helvetii in the
Battle of Bibracte.
In 57 BC, the Nervii were
defeated at the Battle of
the Sambre. Here you can read
Caesar's own account of the year 57 BC.
In 56 BC,
Julius Caesar destroyed the huge fleet of the Veneti in