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Gaius Julius Caesar 100 - 44 BC

 

Gaius Julius Caesar 100 - 44 BC

Roman general and statesman Gaius Julius Caesar was energetic, intelligent, and generous.

Image Above

Green basanite [quartz] bust of Julius Caesar. And the British Museum comments:

This portrait is most likely an image of Caesar made fifty years or more after his murder in 44 BC. The stone is from Wadi Hamamat in Upper Egypt, and the facial structure, with high cheekbones and prominent chin, is reminiscent of many Egyptian portraits.

British Museum London


The Russian word czar and the German word kaiser derive from Julius Caesar's name.

Although he was imperator, he never ruled an empire.

See more under Forms of Governments - Empire.


As it was common and accepted in his culture, Caesar was a lover of both genders.

 

Julius Caesar's Life: 100-75 B.C.

Julius was born into a misgoverned and chaotic Rome, its streets filled with revolutions and massacres. Julius's father, Gaius Caesar, died when Julius was 16 years old. His mother's name was Aurelia. Julius decided upon a political career. In the year 84 B.C. Julius married Cornelia. Because Cornelia's folks were known as political radicals, Julius was pressured to divorce her. He refused and thought it would be a good idea to leave Italy for a while. In the year 78 Julius came back to Rome and resumed his political career as a lawyer. He also studied oratory and became an excellent public speaker.

 

Julius Caesar and the Pirates

Julius was a man of enormous pride and courage. One day, while on his way to Rhodes to study oratory, Julius was captured by pirates. Julius was outraged by the low ransom the pirates demanded for his life. So, he made them raise the amount of the ransom and told them that he, once set free, would return to kill them all. And so he did.

 

Gaius Julius Caesar, 100 - 44 B.C.
Gaius Julius Caesar

 

Julius Caesar's Life: 74-59 B.C.

Rome was at odds with  Mithradates, king of Portus. Both factions desired domination over Asia Minor. When Rome was going to annex  Bythantia, Mithradates started the  Third Mithradatic War in 74 B.C. Julius drummed up a private army and joined the fight. The war lasted until the year 63 B.C.

Cornelia died in the year 69 B.C. (or in the year 68 B.C., thanks CP for pointing this out!) and Julius moved on and married Pompeia.

In the year 68 B.C., Julius was elected  Quaestor of Farther Spain. His career took off and in 65 B.C. he was elected as one of the  Curule Aediles, and in 63 B.C. he was elected  Pontifex Maximus.

Julius was on the roll and in 62 B.C. he was elected  Praetor. In the same year he divorced Pompeia. Good things kept coming Julius's way and in the year 61 B.C. he was made Governor of Farther Spain and formed with  Pompey and  Crassus the  First Triumvirate.

Up the career ladder, Julius was made consul in the year 59 B.C. Also in the year 59 B.C. he married Calpurnia.

 

CONQUEST OF GAUL 58 - 50 B.C. - THE GALLIC WARS

In 58 BC Julius Caesar begun his conquest of Gaul.

In 58 BC, he defeated the Helvetii in the Battle of Bibracte.

In 57 BC, the Nervii were defeated at the Battle of the Sambre. Here you can read  Caesar's own account of the year 57 BC.

In 56 BC, Julius Caesar destroyed the huge fleet of the Veneti in  Quiberon Bay.


Gaul