Augustus Caesar (Octavian) 63 BC -
His original name was Octavian.
adopted him and he became Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus.
How was he related to Julius? Octavian's
mother Atia was the daughter of Julius Caesar's sister
Mark Antony and
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus,
Octavian formed the
In 30 BC, Octavian brought Egypt under
Octavian became the first Roman Emperor
and ruled as such from 27 BC - 14 AD.
Emperor Augustus was the initiator of
who was born in 69, wrote in his "Lives of the Caesars" under the
chapter "The Deified Augustus" in Section 28:
Since the city
was not adorned as the dignity of the empire
demanded, and was exposed to flood and fire,
he so beautified it that he could justly
boast that he had found it built of brick
and left it in marble.
He made it
safe too for the future, so far as human
foresight could provide for this.
Here is the map:
MAP BEFORE AND AFTER AUGUSTUS CAESAR
Click to enlarge