George Washington 1732-1799

Image Above

George Washington (detail)

Oil on canvas by Gilbert Stuart, who lived 1755-1828, and who created this portrait around 1796-1805

United States Senate

First US President George Washington never lived in the White House. Neither did he wear a wig. But he did have a neat handwriting.

George was called the Father of His Country. He worked as a farmer and cattle breeder. Those were the days.

Standing six feet two inches tall (188 cm), equipped with courage, discipline, common sense, and modesty, he was a fine gentleman with dedication and loyalty for the American cause.


George Washington's Family

George's father was Augustine Washington. Augustine had four children by his first wife, Jane Butler, and six children by his second wife, who would become George's mother, Mary Ball.

In 1759, George married Martha Dandridge (1731-1802), widow of Daniel Parke Custis. She was the mother of two living and two dead children.

George did not have any children of his own. However, he had two stepchildren from Martha's first marriage.

George Washington, 1732 - 1799


George Washington's Early Years

Washington was always ashamed that he had so little formal education. He was 20 years old when he inherited Mount Vernon, the 8,000 acre family estate. Washington's marriage added his wife's large estate to his own. He later acquired additional lands.

Although without any kind of military training, Washington sought a position in the Virginia militia.



In the upper Ohio River valley colonial rivalry between France and England came to a head. The young George Washington was sent to the French quarter with the order for the French to withdraw. War ensued and the opening fight at Fort Necessity was the only time Washington ever surrendered in battle.

In 1755, George Washington was one of the few survivors of the Battle of the Monongahela.

Map of the Battle of the Monongahela - July 9, 1755
Map of the Battle of the Monongahela

Here is more about the
Fourth French and Indian War.

And here is more about all  French and Indian Wars.



The colonists felt exploited and hampered by the British Empire, who, in turn, desired a tighter grip on colonial affairs.

In the resulting war, Washington served as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army.

Washington's famous crossing of the Delaware River on December 25, 1776, marked the turning point in this conflict.

Map of the Siege of Boston 1776
Map of Washington at the Siege of Boston 1776

Here is more about the
 American War of Independence.

On March 15, 1783, George Washington addressed his men with his  Speech at Newburgh.

On November 25, 1783, Washington led his troops into New York, which the British had recently left.

On December 23, 1783, George Washington voluntarily resigned his military commission to the Continental Congress at the State House in Annapolis, Maryland. And here is his  Resignation Speech.


President of the United States of America 1789-1797

Respected by all states, Washington was inaugurated as first president on April 30, 1789, in New York City, which was the capital of the United States at the time.

On April 30, 1789, George Washington delivered his  First Inaugural Address before Congress at Federal Hall in New York City.

Re-elected for a second term, he urged his fellow citizens to remain strictly neutral in international affairs in order not to compromise America's independence.

March 4, 1793 — Here is Washington's Second Inaugural Address., delivered at the Senate Chamber, Congress Hall, Philadelphia, PA. With 135 words, it's the shortest inaugural address.

Fellow Citizens:

I am again called upon by the voice of my country to execute the functions of its Chief Magistrate. When the occasion proper for it shall arrive, I shall endeavor to express the high sense I entertain of this distinguished honor, and of the confidence which has been reposed in me by the people of united America.

Previous to the execution of any official act of the President the Constitution requires an oath of office. This oath I am now about to take, and in your presence: That if it shall be found during my administration of the Government I have in any instance violated willingly or knowingly the injunctions thereof, I may (besides incurring constitutional punishment) be subject to the upbraidings of all who are now witnesses of the present solemn ceremony.


April 22, 1793 — And here is Washington's Proclamation of Neutrality.

George Washington wrote his
 Farewell Address, which had been carefully edited by  Alexander Hamilton, and dated it September 17, 1796.

On September 19, 1796, the address was printed in Philadelphia’s American Daily Advertiser.

Washington died less than three years after his retirement. The cause of his death is disputed. Some say he died of a throat infection, others say of pneumonia or extensive bloodletting.

Washington was followed by
 John Adams, who became the Second President of the United States in 1797.


Martha Washington, 1731 - 1802


George Washington's Timeline

1732 February 22 - Birth at Wakefield Farm, Virginia

1748 Assistant surveyor for Lord Fairfax

1749 Official surveyor for Culpeper County

1751 Voyage to Barbados with half-brother Lawrence

1752 Joins Virginia militia

1755 Commander of all Virginia troops

1758 Burgess for Frederick County

1760 Justice Of The Peace for Fairfax County

1775 April 20 - 1776 March 17 - Siege of Boston

1775 July - Commander in Chief of the Continental Army

1784 - Has Lafayette over for tea

1789 President of the United States

1797 Return to Mount Vernon

1798 Commander in Chief of the American armies

1799 December 14 - Death at Mount Vernon, Virginia


The President's House

 As the White House wasn't ready for occupancy until November 1800, George lived here in Philadelphia.


Capitals of the United States

The first capital of the United States was New York (until 1790). The second capital was Philadelphia (until 1800). The third capital was and still is Washington in the District of Columbia.

Check the  US Election Map 1796 - 1968.

Check  Governments in History Chart.



And here is the  George Washington timeline.

See also the American Timeline.




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