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Hannibal 247-183(?) BC

 

Hannibal 247-183(?) BC

Hannibal was a witty Carthaginian general, which means his home town was  Carthage, or Carthago, as some people prefer to call it.

 



 


Pronounce CARTHAGINIAN




Pronounce CARTHAGE

 

Pronounce CARTHAGO


 

Map of Carthage
MAP OF CARTHAGE




Hannibal's Family

Hannibal's father was  Hamilcar Barca, also a general. Hannibal's brother-in-law was  Hasdrubal.

Hannibal's family was financially very comfortable, in fact,
they coined their own money.

Hannibal married Imilce, a Spanish princess.

 

Hannibal's Life

Hannibal started his military career on the Iberian Peninsula (Spain), in the Carthaginian prefectures. Hence the wife.

In 221 BC, Hasdrubal was assassinated and Hannibal obtained the command of the Carthaginian armies in Spain, being then twenty-six years old.

In 219 BC, Hannibal attacked the Spanish city of Saguntum, a city on the Ebro in alliance with Rome, which obviously didn't sit well with the Romans. They demanded Hannibal to be handed over and declared war on Carthage.

This war was the  Second Punic War, and was fought from 218 until 201 BC.

 WHAT IN THE WORLD IS PUNIC?


The last battle of the Second Punic War was fought in 202 BC. It was the Battle of Zama in which Hannibal faced
 Scipio the Elder.

 

Hannibal's Invasion Route 218 BC - Map
Map of Hannibal's Invasion Route 218 BC


Second Punic War 218  201 BC: Hannibal's Route of Invasion
Second Punic War 218 201 BC: Hannibal's Route of Invasion
 

Second Punic War 218 BC
Rome and Carthage at the Beginning
of the Second Punic War, 218 B.C.

Click to enlarge

Italy 218 BC - Map
Map of Italy and Vicinity at the
Beginning of the Second Punic War 218 BC




After the Second Punic War and to escape the Romans, Hannibal fled to Ephesus, hoping for
 Antiochus III's protection.

Antiochus sent Hannibal, a mountaineer, to fight the Romans at sea. Hannibal was defeated. And so was Antiochus in 190 BC at the  Battle of Magnesia. Again, the Romans demanded Hannibal to be handed over. This stipulation was put in writing, see the  Treaty of Apamea.

Hannibal managed to escape yet again and helped Prusias in his fight against Roman ally Eumenes II of Pergamum. Hannibal learnt from his naval experiences and this time he threw buckets full of snakes into the boats of the enemy and won his battle.

 

Hannibal's Death

Somehow the Romans had Hannibal finally in a corner. Rather than getting captured, Hannibal preferred to poison himself. He did so in Libyssa, close to today's Istanbul in Turkey.

 

Rome's Expansion 264 BC - 180 AD
Map of Rome's Expansion 264-180 BC
Click to enlarge


Roman Republic - MAP
2nd Century Expansion of the Roman Republic