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HOME   -   PEOPLE IN HISTORY A-Z   -   SCIPIO AFRICANUS THE ELDER

 
   


Scipio Africanus the Elder 236-183 BC

 

Scipio Africanus the Elder 236-183 BC

 


 

Scipio's full name was Publius Cornelius Scipio. He was a Roman general.

He became Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus in 201 BC, in honor of his military victories.

What victories?

In 202 BC, Scipio defeated Hannibal at the Battle of Zama, which concluded the Second Punic War.


Here are the maps:

 

Battle of Zama - 202 BC - MAP
202 BC Battle of Zama


Second Punic War 218 BC
Rome and Carthage at the Beginning
of the Second Punic War, 218 B.C.

Click to enlarge


Italy 218 BC - Map
Map of Italy and Vicinity at the
Beginning of the Second Punic War 218 BC


Second Punic War Map
Battles of the Second Punic War 218-201 BC


Second Punic War 218  201 BC: Hannibal's Route of Invasion
Second Punic War 218 201 BC: Hannibal's Route of Invasion


 

This Scipio is called the Elder to distinguish him from Scipio Africanus the Younger, who fought in the Third Punic War.



Scipio Africanus the Elder had a son, Publius Scipio.

Publius Scipio adopted Scipio Aemilianus, who became Scipio Africanus the Younger. Thus, the younger Scipio was the adopted grandson of Scipio the Elder.

 

And here are more maps:

 

Rome's Expansion 264 BC - 180 AD
Map of Rome's Expansion 264-180 BC
Click to enlarge

Roman Republic - MAP
2nd Century Expansion of the Roman Republic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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