Philip II of Macedon 382-336 BC
Philip II was Philip of Macedon.
He was the 18th king of Macedonia and ruled as such from 359 until 336 BC.
In 338 BC, and in spite of
fiery speeches against him, Philip defeated the
confederate armies of Athens and Thebes at the
Battle of Chaeronea.
In this battle, Philip's son Alexander
was in charge of the left wing. (see map below)
Partly because of the battle of
Macedonian supremacy over Greece became firmly established. This would
come in handy for future conquests. (see
Alexander III the Great)
Chaeronea, by the way, is located 75
miles or 120 kilometers northwest of Athens. And here is a map of
the Battle of Chaeronea:
Map of the Battle of Chaeronea 338 BC
In 336 BC, Philip was assassinated, and
his son Alexander III, later Alexander the Great, became his successor.