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HOME   -   GOVERNMENTS IN HISTORY   -   EGYPT

 
   


Governments of Egypt - Index of Dynasties


Governments of Egypt

Here follows a chronological list of the dynasties and rulers of Egypt from ancient times.

Years are rough estimations, especially the early figures.

The timeline varies greatly depending on the source.

Source Key:
Years in this color are from The Cambridge Ancient History.

Years in this color are from The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt.

Years in this color are from Miriam Lichtheim's Ancient Egyptian Literature.

Years in this color are from various other sources.


Kings were not called pharaohs until the 18th dynasty.


Image Above

Statues of Pharaoh Ramses II at Abu Simbel, a twin temple to the Temple of Queen Nefertari in Nubia (southern Egypt) that was carved out of a mountainside in the 13th century B.C.

The temple complex was meant to proclaim the might of Egypt to its southern neighbors and to reinforce the status of Egypt's religion in the region.

Source: cia.gov
 

Here we go...
 

 

Ancient Times - 3000 BC

Pre-dynastic Period
 

 

 

 

 

3000 BC - 525 BC

Egyptian Empire

 

 

 

31502686 BC
(or 3000-2650 BC
or 2925-2575 BC
or 2789-2658 BC)
Early Dynastic Period (also called Archaic Period or Thinite - First and second dynasties)
       
  3100-2900 BC
3150-2890 BC
3050-2890 BC
2925-2775 BC
2900-2770 BC
1st Dynasty
       
    3050-2890 BC Menes (Narmer, maybe Aha)
       
    ... Aha
       
    ... Djer
       
    ... Djet
       
    ... Merneith
       
    ... Den
       
    ... Anedjib
       
    ... Semerkhet
       
    ... Qaa
       
  2900-2730 BC
2890-2686 BC
2775-2650 BC
2770-2650 BC
2nd Dynasty
       
    ... Hetepsekhemwy
       
    ... Nebra
       
    ... Ninetjer (Nynetjer)
       
    ... Weneg
       
    ... Senad (Sened)
       
    ... Peribsen
       
    ... Khasekhemwy
       
       
26862181 BC
(or 2658-2150 BC
or 2650-2135 BC
or 2575-2130 BC)
Old Kingdom (Third to sixth dynasties, or fourth to sixth dynasties, or third to eighth)
       
  2730-2613 BC
2650-2600 BC
2686-2613 BC
2650-2575 BC
3rd Dynasty
       
    2650-2630 BC
(But maybe fourth ruler of the dynasty)
Sanakht (Zanakht)
       
    2686-... BC
2650-2575 BC
2630-2610 BC
Djoser (Zoser, or Netjerikhet)
       
    2610-2603 BC Sekhemkhet
       
    2603-2600 BC Khaba
       
    ...
(But maybe first ruler of the dynasty)
Sanakht (Zanakht)
       
    2600-2575 BC Huni
       
  2613-2494 BC
2600-2450 BC
2613-2498 BC
2575-2465 BC
4th Dynasty
       
    2575-2551 BC Snefru (Snofru)
       
    2551-2528 BC Khufu (Cheops)
       
    2528-2520 BC Djedefra (Redjedef)
       
    2520-2494 BC Khaefra (Khafre)
       
    2490-2472 BC Menkaura
       
    2472-2465 BC Shepseskaf
       
  2494-2345 BC
2450-2300 BC
2465-2325 BC
2465-2323 BC
5th Dynasty
       
    2465-2458 BC Userkaf
       
    2458-2446 BC Sahure (Sahura)
       
    2446-2426 BC Neferirkare (Neferirkara)
       
    2426-2419 BC Shepseskara
       
    2419-2416 BC Neferefra
       
    2416-2392 BC Nyuserra
       
    2396-2388 BC Menkauhor
       
    2388-2356 BC Isesi (Djedkara Izezi)
       
    2356-2323 BC Unas (Unis)
       
  2345-2181 BC
2300-2150 BC
2341-2181 BC
2325-2150 BC
2323-2150 BC
6th Dynasty
       
    2323-2291 BC Teti
       
    2289-2255 BC Merire Pepi I
       
    2255-2246 BC Mernere (Merenra)
       
    2246-2152 BC Neferkare Pepi II (Pepy II)
       
       
21812040 BC
(or 2150-2100 BC
or 2130-1938)
First Intermediate Period (Seventh to tenth dynasties, or seventh to eleventh dynasties)
       
  2181-2160 BC
2150-2135 BC
2150-2130 BC
2150-2135 BC
7th and 8th dynasties
       
  2160-2130 BC
2130-2080 BC
2135-... BC
9th Dynasty
       
  2130-2133 BC
2080-1970 BC
...-1986 BC
10th Dynasty
       
       
2100-1750 BC
(or 2055-1650 BC
or 2040-1650 BC
or 20401782 BC
or 1938-1630 BC)
Middle Kingdom (11th to 12th dynasties, or 12th to 13th dynasties, or 11th to 13th dynasties, or 11th to 14th dynasties)
       
  2133-1991 BC
2040-1990 BC
2081-1938 BC
2080-1937 BC
11th Dynasty
       
    2080-2074 BC Montjuhotep I
       
    2074-2064 BC Inyotef I
       
    2064-2015 BC Wahankh Intef II (Inyotef II)
       
    2015-2007 BC Nekht-neb-tep-nefer Intef III (Inyotef III)
       
    2007-1956 BC
2008-1957 BC
2055-2004 BC
Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II (Montjuhotep II)
       
    1956-1944 BC Montjuhotep III
       
    1944-1937 BC Nebtawyre Mentuhotep IV (Montjuhotep IV)
       
  1991-1786 BC
1990-1785 BC
1938-1756 BC
1937-1759 BC
12th Dynasty
       
    1937-1908 BC
2000-1970 BC
Sehetepibre Amenemhet I (Amenemhat I)
       
    1956-1911 BC
1917-1872 BC
Kheperkara Senusret I (or Kheperkare Sesostris I)
       
    1875-1840 BC Amenemhat II
       
    1842-1836 BC Khakheperre Sesostris II (Senusret II)
       
    1836-1817 BC Khakaure Sesostris III (Senusret III)
       
    1817-1772 BC Nimaatre Amenemhet III (Amenemhat III)
       
    1772-1763 BC Amenemhat IV
       
    1763-1759 BC Queen Sobknefru
       
       
17821570 BC
(or 1750-1500 BC)
Second Intermediate Period (13th to 17th dynasties, or 14th to 17th dynasties)
       
  1786-... BC
1759-1641 BC
1756-1630 BC
13th Dynasty
       
  1641-1606 BC 14th Dynasty
       
  1674-1684 BC
1650-... BC
1650-1540 BC
1650-1558 BC
1636-1528 BC
1630-1523 BC
15th Dynasty ( Hyksos Dynasty)
 
  ... - ... BC Salitis (Salatis, Shalik, Mayebre Sheshi)
     
  ... - ... BC Sakir-Har
     
  ... - ... BC Khyan
       
    ... - ... BC Apopis I (Apophis, Apopi, Apepi)
       
    ... - ... BC Apopis II (Apophis, Apopi, Apepi)
       
    ... - ... BC Khamudi
       
       
       
  1684-... BC 16th Dynasty
       
  1641-1539 BC 17th Dynasty
       
    ... Senakhtenra
       
    ... Taa
       
    1541-1539 BC Kamose
       
       
15701075 BC
(or 1550-1070 BC
or 1550-1080 BC
or 1550-1069 BC)
New Kingdom (18th to 20th dynasties)
       
  1570-1320 BC
1550-1305 BC
1570-1292 BC
1539-1295 BC
18th Dynasty
       
    1570-1546 BC
1539-1514 BC
Amosis (Nebpehtire Ahmose)
       
    1546-1526 BC
1514-1493 BC
Amenophis I (Djeserkare Amenhotep I)
       
    1525-1512 BC
1506-1494 BC
1493-1482 BC
1493-1481 BC
Thutmose I (Thutmosis I, Aakheperkare Thutmose I)
       
    1512-1504 BC
1482-1479 BC
1481-1479 BC
Thutmose II (Thutmosis II, Aakheperenre Thutmose II)
       
    1504-1450 BC(21 years of co-regency with his predecessor)
1468-1438 BC
1479-1426 BC
1479-1425 BC
Thutmose III (Thutmosis III, Menkheperre Thutmose III)
       
    1503-1482 BC
1473-1458 BC
1473-1458 BC
Queen Hatchepsut (Hatshepsut, Makare Hatshepsut)
       
    1450-1425 BC
1426-1400 BC
1427-1392 BC
Amenhotep II (Amenophis II, Aakheprure Amenhotep II)
       
    1425-1417 BC
1400-1390 BC
1392-1382 BC
Thutmose IV (Thutmosis IV, Menkheprure Thutmose IV)
       
    1417-1379 BC
1390-1353 BC
1382-1344 BC
Amenophis III (Nebmare Amenhotep III)
       
    1379-1362 BC
1375-1360 BC
1365-1349 BC

1353-1336 BC
1344-1328 BC
Akhenaton (Akhenaten, or Amenophis IV, or Neferkheprure Amenhotep IV Akhenaten; his wife was Nefertiti)
       
    1364-1361 BC
1330-1327 BC
Queen Smenkhkare(Ankhkheprure, Nefernefruaten)
       
    1361-1352 BC
1333-1323 BC
1327-1318 BC
 Tutankhamen (Tutankhamun, Nebkheprure Tutankhamun)
       
    1352-1348 BC
1318-1315 BC
Kheperkheprure Ay (Itnetjer-Ay)
       
    1348-1320 BC
1319-1292 BC
1315-1295 BC
Horemheb (Djeserkheprure Haremhab)
       
       
  1320-1200 BC
1305-1195 BC
1292-1190 BC
1295-1186 BC
19th Dynasty
       
    1320-1318 BC
1292-1290 BC
1295-1294 BC
Ramses I
(Ramesses I)
       
    1318-1304 BC
1290-1279 BC
1294-1279 BC
Seti I (Sety I, or Sethos I, Menmare Seti I)
       
    1304-1237 BC
1290-1224 BC
1279-1213 BC
1279-1213 BC
1186-... BC
Ramses II
(Ramesses II, Usermare-sotpenre Ramses II)
       
    1236-1223 BC
1213-1203 BC
Baenre Merneptah (Banere-meramun Merneptah, Merenptah)
       
    1222-1217 BC
1203-1200 BC
Menmare Amenmesses (Amenmesse)
(Position in Dynasty is uncertain)
       
    1216-1210 BC
1204-1198 BC
1200-1194 BC
Seti II (Sety II, or Sethos II)
       
    1209-1200 BC
1194-1188 BC
Akhenre-setepenre Merneptah Siptah (also called Sekhaenre Ramesses Siptah) and Queen Sitre-meryetamun Tewosret (Tausret)
       
    1188-1186 BC Queen Sitre-meryetamun Tewosret (Tausret)
       
       
  1200-1085 BC
1195 -1080 BC
1190-1075 BC
1186-1069 BC
20th Dynasty
       
    1200-1198 BC
1186-1184 BC
Userkhaure Sethnakhte (Sethnakht)
       
    1198-1166 BC
1187-1156 BC
1184-1153 BC
Ramses III
(Ramesses III, Usermare-meramun Ramses III)
       
    1166-1160 BC
1156-1150 BC
1153-1147 BC
Ramses IV
(Ramesses IV)
       
    1160-1156 BC
1150-1145 BC
1147-1143 BC
Ramses V
(Ramesses V, Usermare-sekheperenre Ramses V)
       
    1156-1148 BC
1143-1136 BC
Ramses VI
(Ramesses VI)
       
    1148-1147 BC
1136-1129 BC
1136-1129 BC
Ramses VII
(Ramesses VII)
       
    1147-1140 BC
1129-1126 BC
Ramses VIII
(Ramesses VIII)
       
    1140-1121 BC
1126-1108 BC
1126-1108 BC
Ramses IX
(Ramesses IX, Neferkare-sotpenre Ramses IX)
       
    1121-1113 BC
1108-1099 BC
Ramses X
(Ramesses X)
       
    1113-1085 BC
1110-1080 BC
1099-1069 BC
1099-1069 BC
Ramses XI
(Ramesses XI, Menmare-sotpenptah Ramses XI)
       
       
1075656 BC
(or 1070-712 BC
or 1069-664 BC
or 1100-650 BC
or 1069-525 BC)
Third Intermediate Period (21st to 25th dynasties, or 21st to 23rd dynasties, or 21st to 31st dynasties)
       
  1085-945 BC
1070-945 BC
1069-945 BC
21st Dynasty
       
    1069-1043 BC Smendes
       
    1043-1039 BC Amenemnesu
       
    1039-991 BC Psusennes I
       
    993-984 BC Amenemipet
       
    984-978 BC Osorkon (the Elder)
       
    978-959 BC Siamun
       
    959-945 BC
959-945 BC
Psusennes II (Har-Psusennes II)
       
  945-715 BC
945-715 BC
22nd Dynasty
       
    945-913 BC
945-924 BC
Sheshonq I (Shoshenk I, Shishak)
       
    916-904 BC
924-889 BC
Osorkon I
       
    890-889 BC Shoshenk II
       
    889-874 BC Takelot I
       
    890-860 BC
874-850 BC
Osorkon II
       
    870-860 BC Harsiese
       
    850-825 BC Takelot II
       
    825-773 BC Shoshenk III
       
    773-767 BC Pimay
       
    767-730 BC Shoshenk V
       
    735-712 BC
730-715 BC
Osorkon IV
       
  818-715 BC
818-715 BC
23rd Dynasty
       
    818-793 BC Pedubast I
       
    804-803 BC Iuput I
       
    793-787 BC Shoshenk IV
       
    787-759 BC Osorkon III
       
    764-757 BC Takelot III
       
    757-754 BC Rudamun
       
    745-725 BC
754-720 BC
Iuput II
       
    720-715 BC Shoshenk VI
       
  740-715 BC
727-715 BC
24th Dynasty
       
    740-718 BC
727-720 BC
Tefnakht
       
    720-715 BC Bakenrenef
       
  753-656 BC
780-656 BC
25th Dynasty
       
    780-760 BC Alara
       
    760-747 BC Kashta
       
    753-713 BC
747-716 BC
Piye (Piy)
       
    713-698 BC
716-702 BC
Shabako
       
    702-690 BC Shabatka
       
    698-664 BC
690-664 BC
Taharqa (Taharka)
       
    664-656 BC
664-656 BC
Tantamani
       
       
664-332 BC
(or 712-332 BC)
Late Dynastic Period (26th to 31st dynasties, or 24th to 31st dynasties, or 21st to 31st)
       
  664-525 BC
664-525 BC
672-525 BC
26th Dynasty
       
    672-664 BC Neko I
       
    664-610 BC
664-610 BC
664-610 BC
Psamtik I (Psamtek I)
       
    610-595 BC
610-595 BC
610-595 BC
Necho II (Nekau II, Neko II)
       
    595-589 BC
595-589 BC
595-589 BC
Psamtik II (Psamtek II)
       
    589-570 BC
589-570 BC
589-570 BC
Apries
       
    570-526 BC
570-526 BC
570-526 BC
Amasis (Ahmose II)
       
    526-525 BC
526-525 BC
Psamtik III (Psamtek III)
       
       
       

525 BC

Egypt now part of the Persian Empire
       
  525-404 BC
525-404 BC
27th Dynasty
       
    525-522 BC
525-521 BC
Cambyses
       
    521-486 BC
525-485 BC
Darius I
       
    486-466 BC
485-464 BC
Xerxes
       
    465-424 BC
464-423 BC
Artaxerxes
       
    424-404 BC
423-404 BC
Darius II
       
  404-398 BC
404-397 BC
28th Dynasty
       
    404-397 BC Amyrtaeus
       
  398-378 BC
397-378 BC
29th Dynasty
       
    397-391 BC Nepherites I
       
    393-380 BC
391-378 BC
Hakor (Akoris)
       
    390 BC Psammuthis
       
    378 BC Nepherites II
       
  378-341 BC
378-337 BC
30th Dynasty
       
    380-362 BC
378-360 BC
378-360 BC
Nectanebo I (Nekht-nebef)
       
    362-360 BC
360-358 BC
Teos (Tachos, Takos)
       
    349-341 BC
358-342 BC
Nectanebo II (Nekht-hor-heb)
       
    342-337 BC Ochus
       
  341-332 BC
340-323 BC
31st Dynasty
       
    341-338 BC
340-337 BC
Artaxerxes III (Ochos)
       
    337-335 BC Arses
       
    335-330 BC
335-332 BC
Darius III (Codoman)
       
       

 

November 332 BC

Alexander the Great arrives in Egypt. The Persian satrap surrenders.

 

 

332-323 BC Alexander the Great
     
323-30 BC Ptolemaic Dynasty
King / Queen:
     
 

323 - 282 BC
323 - 285 BC

Ptolemy I Soter
 

 

 
 

285 - 246 BC

Ptolemy II Philadelphus
 

 

 
 

246 - 221 BC

Ptolemy III Euergetes
 

 

 
 

221 - 205 BC

Ptolemy IV Philopator
 

 

 
 

205 - 180 BC
205 - 180 BC

Ptolemy V Epiphanes
(see also Rosetta Stone)
 

 

 
 

180 - 145 BC

Ptolemy VI Philometor
 

 

 
 

145 - 144 BC

Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator
 

 

 
 

144 - 116 BC

Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II
 

 

 
 

116 - 107 BC

Ptolemy IX Soter II
 

 

 
 

107 - 88 BC

Ptolemy X Alexander I
 

 

 
 

88 - 81 BC

Ptolemy IX Soter II (again)
 

 

 
 

81 - 80 BC

Ptolemy XI Alexander II
 

 

 
 

80 - 51 BC
80 - 51 BC

Ptolemy XII Auletes (Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos)
 

 

 
 

51 - 30 BC
51 - 30 BC

Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator

In detail:
51 - 47 BC With Ptolemy XIII
47 - 44 BC With Ptolemy XIV
44 - 30 BC With Ptolemy XV Caesar

 

 

 


 

30 BC

Egypt now part of the Roman Empire 

 

30 BC - AD 324
or AD 395
Roman Period
     
     

 

     
 
 

 

More History


 


Famous Speeches in History
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Speeches by Topic A-Z

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Speeches in Chronological Order

Speeches Given by Women

Speeches Given by African-Americans

Speeches Given by U.S. Presidents


 



Attila the Hun
More about the greatest of all Barbarian rulers:

Attila short biography
Map of Attila's empire
Battle of the Catalaunian Plains
Who were the Huns?
 


Greco-Persian Wars
Also called the Persian Wars, the Greco-Persian Wars were fought for almost half a century from 492 to 449 BC. Greece won against enormous odds. Here is more:

Battle of Marathon
Battle of Thermopylae
Battle of Salamis
Battle of Plataea


 


HISTORY

Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution


Check out the
Timelines of the Mexican Revolution

Mexico's transition from dictatorship to constitutional republic translated into ten messy years of skirmishing in Mexican history.

More from the Mexican Revolution:

Pancho Villa

Emiliano Zapata

Francisco I. Madero

Causes of the Mexican Revolution

Women in the Mexican Revolution

Summary of the Mexican Revolution

 

About Mata Hari

 

The Divine Almanac
Who all roamed the heavens in olden times? The Who's Who of ancient gods.

Check out the Divine Almanac

 

 

The Ancient Greeks in a Nutshell

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

French Revolution - Its Causes, Its Victims, Its Effects

     
 


People in History

Historic People - Main

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