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When did what vessel arrive with whom onboard and where did it sink if it didn't?

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Greco-Persian Wars
Also called the Persian Wars, the Greco-Persian Wars were fought for almost half a century from 492 to 449 BC. Greece won against enormous odds. Here is more:

Battle of Marathon
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HISTORY

Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution


Check out the
Timelines of the Mexican Revolution

Mexico's transition from dictatorship to constitutional republic translated into ten messy years of skirmishing in Mexican history.

More from the Mexican Revolution:

Pancho Villa

Emiliano Zapata

Francisco I. Madero

Causes of the Mexican Revolution

Women in the Mexican Revolution

Summary of the Mexican Revolution


 

About Mata Hari

 

The Divine Almanac
Who all roamed the heavens in olden times? The Who's Who of ancient gods.

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The Ancient Greeks in a Nutshell

 

 

 

 

 

 


The Ancient Egyptians - The Great Sphinx and the Great Pyramid at Giza
The Great Sphinx and the Great Pyramid at Giza
 

The Civilization of Ancient Egypt

The civilization of the ancient Egyptians started roughly around the year 3100 BC.*

Given its old age, a lot of details still remain guess work. But knowledge continues to grow as archaeologists keep digging.

The study of ancient Egypt is called Egyptology. And if you're any good at it, you are probably an Egyptologist.

Jean-François Champollion was a famous Egyptologist. So was Howard Carter.

*= For exact dates of all dynasties see  Governments of Egypt.

 

The Pyramids

The ancient Egyptians built pyramids to store their deceased. However, pyramids were also built in other parts of the world, for instance in Mexico.

One of the most famous sites of Egyptian pyramids is Giza, or Gizeh, where you can visit three pyramids that had been built around the year 2,500 BC.

Considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World, one of these pyramids is called the Great Pyramid, or the Khufu or Cheops Pyramid, named after the pharaoh under which the monument was constructed. While there, you can also check out the Great Sphinx.

See a picture of the Great Sphinx and the Great Pyramid at the top of this page.


So, Who Built the Pyramids?

Contrary to common believe, the slaves didn't built the pyramids.

Good Egyptian farmers, who were sitting at home without TV during the season when the Nile was flooding their fields, were the construction force behind the famous monuments.

Building pyramids required a load of workers. Hence, cities were founded wherever workers for respective projects were housed, e.g. Giza, Kahun, Amarna, and Deir el Medina.

 

The Mummies

Just like the pyramids, mummies can also be found in other parts of the world because the ancient Egyptians weren't the only ones who mummified their dead.

Why and how did they mummify? Find out all about  Mummies.

 

ANCIENT EGYPT - CUSTOMS AND BELIEFS
ANCIENT EGYPT - CUSTOMS AND BELIEFS
PETRIE MUSEUM OF EGYPTIAN ARCHAEOLOGY

 


The Country

Ancient Egypt was divided into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt, as well as into the East Bank of the Nile and the West bank of the Nile.

Here is the map:

Map of ancient Egypt
MAP OF ANCIENT EGYPT
Click to enlarge


Entire Egypt was furthermore divided into 42 states or provinces, called nomes.

 

The Nile River

The Nile River is the longest river in the world, running 4,132 miles or 6,650 kilometers long from Lake Victoria in the south to the Mediterranean Sea in the north.

The annual flood season of the Nile in the northern parts lasts from July to October and floods both sides of the river with up to two feet of water. When the river recedes, it leaves behind fertile black mud (silt).

The term Nile Valley is often used as a synonym for ancient Egypt.

Here is a map of the Nile River:

Map of the Nile River
MAP OF THE NILE RIVER
Encyclopædia Britannica



The Paper

Around 3,250 BC, the Egyptians came up with papyrus reeds. Thus, at that time the first known paper had just been produced in Egypt.

 

The Hieroglyphs

Hieroglyphs are the pictures in the writing on ancient Egyptian monuments. The Egyptians started developing it around 3,200 BC.

It took until the early 19th century to decipher these signs. Jean-François Champollion provided the brilliant brains that made it happen.

See more under  Rosetta Stone.

 

The Pharaohs

Around 1,500 BC, the kings (or queens) of ancient Egypt started to be called pharaohs. The word pharaoh means great house and was originally the name of the royal palace.

Pharaohs claimed to be divine and were regarded as the link to the gods.

Some of ancient Egypt's famous queens were Tiy, who was the wife of king Amenhotep III (reigned 1390 - 1353 BC) and Nefertiti, who was Akhenaton's wife (reigned 1353-1336 BC).

Another famous queen of Egypt was Cleopatra who entered the stage long after Egypt's glory days.

See the detailed chronology of dynasties under Governments of Egypt.

 

The Dynasties

Ancient Egypt's history is divided into 30 or 31 dynasties. It was the Egyptian priest and historian Manetho, who came up with this idea.

See the index of all Egyptian dynasties under Governments of Egypt.

 

What Else?

  • Ramses II was pharaoh at the time when Moses and Aaron asked to let the Hebrews go (see Bible).

     

  • Wigs were worn in ancient Egypt by both sexes. The same was true for cosmetics, which was cheerfully used by both, men and women.

     

  • The examination of mummies tells us that the ancient Egyptians suffered from arthritis, tuberculosis, gout, tooth decay, bladder stones, and gallstones.
     

  • For an ancient version of an Egyptian men's magazine see the Turin Erotic Papyrus at the Fondazione Museo Delle Antichita Egizie (Museo Egizio / Egyptian Museum) at Turin, Italy.

 

 

 

 

 



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