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HISTORY FOR THE RELAXED HISTORIAN


 

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HOME   -   GOVERNMENTS IN HISTORY   -   CHINA

 
   


Governments of China


Governments of China

 


 

Legendary:

... - ... BC Fu-hsi

... - ... BC Shen-nung (Shennong, Shen Nung, Yandi)

... - ... BC Huangdi (The Yellow Emperor, Huang Ti)

... - ... BC Yao

... - ... BC Shun

 

 

 

 

2070 - 1600 BC
(or 2207-1766 BC, or 2205-1766 BC)

Xia Dynasty (Hsia Dynasty)

2070 - ... BC Yu (survivor/conqueror of the Great Flood)

... - ... BC Qi

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... - 1600 BC Jie

 

 

 

 

1600 - 1025 BC
(or 1765-1122 BC, or 1766-1122 BC)

Shang Dynasty (Yin)

1600 - ... BC Tang (Zi LŁ)

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1025 - 221 BC
(or 1122-256 BC, or 1046-256 BC)

Zhou Dynasty (Chou Dynasty, Western Chou; Eastern Chou begins in 771 BC)

1025 - 1022 BC King Wuwang (Wu-wang, Ji Fa)

... - ... BC ...

827 - 782 BC King HsŁan

... - ... BC ...

 

 
   

221 - 206 BC

Qin Dynasty (Ch'in Dynasty)

221 - 210 BC Shi-Huangdi (Zhao Zheng, or Ying Zheng)

 

 
   

206 BC - AD 9

Western (Xi) Han Dynasty (Former Han)

206 - 195 BC Gaozu (Liu Bang, Ji, Gaohuangdi)

 

 
   

9 - 25

Hsin Dynasty (Xin Dynasty)

9 - 23 Wang Mang (Jiahuangdi)

 

 
   

25 - 220

Eastern (Dong) Han Dynasty (Later Han)

25 - ... Liu Hsiu

 

 
   

220 - 265

Three Kingdoms (Sanguo, San-kuo; Triple division of China)

   

 

220 - 265 Wei Kingdom (Wei Dynasty, north China)
     220-226 Cao Pi

221 - 263 Shu Han (Sichuan Province)

222 - 280 Wu (south China)

 

 
   
265 - 316

Jin Dynasty (Chin, Western Chin)

265 - 290 Wudi (Wu Ti, Sima Yan, Jin Shizu)

   
   

317 - 589

North and South Dynasties

 


...
 

 

Northern Dynasties
 

Southern Dynasties

386 - 534 Wei Dynasty (Northern)

534 - 550 Wei Dynasty (Eastern)
  
... - ... Wu (Empress)

550 - 577 Qi Dynasty

535 - 556 Wei Dynasty (Western)

557 - 581 Zhou Dynasty (Northern)

420 - 479 Song Dynasty (Sung Dynasty)
   420 - ... Liu YŁ

479 - 502 Qi Dynasty

502 - 557 Lian Dynasty (Liang Dynasty)
   502 - ... Hsiao Yen

557 - 589 Chen Dynasty

 

 
   

581 - 618

Sui Dynasty

581 - 604 Wendi (Yang Jian, Yang Chien)

604 - 618 Yang (...)

 

 
   

618 - 907

Tang Dynasty

618 - 626 Gaozu (Li Yuan, Li YŁan)

...

755 - 764 Rebellion of An Lu-shan

...

 

 
   

907 - 960

Period of the Five Dynasties (Wu Tai)

 

Northern Dynasties
 

Southern Dynasties

907 - 923 Later Liang Dynasty

923 - 936 Later Tang Dynasty

936 - 946 Later Jin Dynasty

947 - 950 Later Han Dynasty

951 - 960 Later Zhou Dynasty

... - ... ... Dynasty

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... - 971 Han Dynasty

... - 975 T'ang Dynasty

 

 
   

960 - 1279

Sung Dynasty (Song Dynasty)

960 - 1127 Northern Sung Dynasty

   960 - 976 Taizu (T'ai-tsu, Zhao Kuangyin)


916 - 1125 Liao Dynasty in the Northeast (Khitan Empire)


1032 - 1227 Western Hsia Dynasty (Northwest)


1115 - 1234 Chin Dynasty (Jin Dynasty, Kin Dynasty, Juchen Dynasty, JŁrchen Dynasty)


1127 - 1279 Southern Sung Dynasty (Nan Sung)

   1127 - 1162 Gaozong (Kao-tsung, Zhao Gou)


(The Sung retreats to south of the Huai River in 1127.
After 1127, all North China occupied by the Chin; after 1234, by the Mongols.)

 

 
   

1271 - 1367

Yuan Dynasty (YŁan Dynasty, Mongol Dynasty)

1271 - 1294 Kublai Khan

... - ... ... (...)

 

 
   

1368 - 1644

Ming Dynasty

... - ... ... (...)

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... - 1505 ... (...)

1505 - 1521 Zhengde (Cheng-Te, Zhu Houzhao)

1521 - 1567 Jiajing (Chia Ching, Zhu Houcong)

1567 - 1572 Longqing (Zhu Zaihou)

1572 - 1620 Wanli (Wan Li, Zhu Yijun)

1620 - 1627 Tianqi (T'ien-ch'i)

(1624-1627 Dictatorship of the eunuch Wei Chung-hsian [Wei Zhongxian])

 

 
   

1644 - 1911

Qing Dynasty (Ch'ing Dynasty, Manchu Dynasty, Manchu Empire)

Emperor:

1644 - 1661 ... (...)

1661 - 1723 Kangxi (K'ang Hsi, Xuanye)

1723 - 1735 Yongzheng (Yung-cheng)

1735 - 1796 Qianlong (Ch'ien-lung, keeps reigning after 1796 until his death in 1799)

(Nominally:) 1796 - 1820 Chia-ch'ing (Jiaqing)

... - ... ... (...)

1850 - 1861 Xianfeng (...)

1861 - 1875 Tongzhi (T'ung Chi)

1875 - 1908 Empress Tz'u-hsi (Cixi, Xitaihou, Xiaoqin Xianhuanghou, Empress Dowager)

(Nominally:) 1875 - 1908 Guangxu (Kuang Hsu)

1908 - 1911 Puyi (Henry Puyi, Xuantong)

 

 
   

1911 - 1949

Republic of China (on Taiwan after 1949)

Provisional President:

December 29, 1911 - February 1912 Sun-Yat-sen


President:

February 1912 - March 1916 Yuan Shikai (YŁan Shih-k'ai)

(1915 - March 1916 Yuan Shikai self-proclaimed emperor)

June 1916 - July 1917 Li Yuanhong (Li YŁan-hung)

(July 1917 attempted restoration of Emperor Puyi)

...

1922 - June 1923 Li Yuanhong (Li YŁan-hung) (again)

...

(1912 - 1927 Warlord Period)

1928 - 1949 Chiang Kai-shek (Chiang Chieh-shih, Chiang Chung-cheng, Jiang Jieshi)

 

 
   

1949 - Today

People's Republic of China (From October 1, 1949)

Chairman:

1949 - 1959 Mao Zedong

1959 - 1968 Liu Shaoqi

...

Premier:

1976 - 1980 Hua Guofeng (Hua Kuo-feng, Su Zhu)

1980 - 1987 Zhao Ziyang (Chao Tzu-yang , Zhao Xiusheng)

(July 1977 - February 1997 Deng Xiaoping)


President:

1983 - 1988 Li Xiannian (Li Hsien-nien)

1988 - March 26, 1993 Yang Shangkun (Yang Shang-k'un)

March 27, 1993 - 2003 Jian Zemin (Chiang Tse-min)

2003 - ... Hu Jintao

 

 

 
   

  
 

 

More History


 


Famous Speeches in History
Browse the speech archive:

Speeches by Topic A-Z

Speeches by Speaker A-Z

Speeches in Chronological Order

Speeches Given by Women

Speeches Given by African-Americans

Speeches Given by U.S. Presidents


 



Attila the Hun
More about the greatest of all Barbarian rulers:

Attila short biography
Map of Attila's empire
Battle of the Catalaunian Plains
Who were the Huns?
 


Greco-Persian Wars
Also called the Persian Wars, the Greco-Persian Wars were fought for almost half a century from 492 to 449 BC. Greece won against enormous odds. Here is more:

Battle of Marathon
Battle of Thermopylae
Battle of Salamis
Battle of Plataea


 


HISTORY

Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution


Check out the
Timelines of the Mexican Revolution

Mexico's transition from dictatorship to constitutional republic translated into ten messy years of skirmishing in Mexican history.

More from the Mexican Revolution:

Pancho Villa

Emiliano Zapata

Francisco I. Madero

Causes of the Mexican Revolution

Women in the Mexican Revolution

Summary of the Mexican Revolution

 

 

About Mata Hari

 

The Divine Almanac
Who all roamed the heavens in olden times? The Who's Who of ancient gods.

Check out the Divine Almanac

 

 

The Ancient Greeks in a Nutshell

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

French Revolution - Its Causes, Its Victims, Its Effects

     
 


People in History

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