Roman Republic 509-27 BC
The city of Rome was founded in 753 BC.
The Roman Republic was founded in 509 BC and lasted until the year
27 BC when the
Back in the days, Rome had seven kings, the seventh of
which was Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, a rather unpopular
fellow, who ruled from 534 to 509 BC.
Lucius was overthrown and the Roman Republic was set up.
Formerly led by a king, the Romans now
had two annually elected consuls to follow. Both consulships had
power over military operations.
The comitia centuriata or
Centuriate Assembly elected the consuls.
Brutus was elected as one of the first consuls.
In 366 BC the office of praetor was
created in case both consuls were away on a fishing trip. When they
were in town, the praetor occupied himself mainly with civil law and
saw to it that the Roman citizens were treated with justice.
In 242 BC, the office of a second praetor was added.
In times of emergency in the Roman
Republic, a dictator was appointed.
See more under
Form of Governments - Dictatorship.
And here are the maps
Map of the Roman Civil War 49-45 BC
Republican Rome 40 BC
Governments of Rome.