Crazy Horse 1840(?)-1877
This might or
might not be a photograph of Crazy Horse.
good people at the Custer Battlefield Museum
think it probably is.
What does Neil Young
and his Crazy Horse album
have to do with this?
Think Native American
Crazy Horse's Indian
name was Ta-sunko-witko. He was born around 1840 or 1842 by the
Belle Fourche River, which is near Bear Butte, close to your today's Rapid City in South Dakota.
The surrounding Black Hills were Crazy Horse's home turf.
Crazy Horse died on September 5, 1877, at Fort
Robinson, Nebraska. Apparently, no one knows where he was buried.
George E. Hyde described Crazy Horse
as a genius at war and a lover of peace. He was a bit of a loner and not very talk
enthused. His folks thought him a little bit unorthodox
when it came to following traditions, for which Crazy Horse
didn't seem to care too much.
Crazy Horse might or might not have been a
chief as such but we know for sure that he was a
Sioux of the
branch and that he acted as a leader several times in his life.
is said to have been loved for his charity and courage. He was a
skilled fighter. He became the symbol of Sioux freedom, courage, and
Crazy Horse - The
There was a great Sioux uprising in
Minnesota in 1862, which was the time of the
American Civil War. The Sioux, led by
Little Crow, were defeated by the whites.
Around 1865, the white man decided to
build a road through the northern Great Plains up to Montana -
the Bozeman Trail.
Reason was the gold findings there. On December 21, 1866, frictions between whites and Indians
escalated. Near Fort
Phil Kearny in Wyoming Territory, the Indians killed 80 whites
including their Captain William J. Fetterman, who, some say, had it coming.
There was more trouble on August 2,
1867, in what
became known as the Wagon Box Fight. Again close to Fort Phil Kearny
in Wyoming Territory, Captain Powell and approx. 40 men were
attacked by Indians, however,
this time the whites were able to defend themselves.
The tension between Indians and
whites grew as more and more whites moved in while the game (ergo
food) moved out.
The Second Treaty of
Fort Laramie - August 1868
This treaty guaranteed the
Indians possession of the Dakota territory west of the
Missouri River. That was until in 1874 gold was discovered in the
Black Hills, which was Dakota Territory.
The US government had a
problem because their people weren't willing to give up the gold. So it
ordered that all Indians had to go back to their reservations by
January 31, 1876. Most likely, this decision of the US government
did not go out to each and every Indian. At the same time, many of
the Indians who knew about it deeply resented it.
Not surprisingly hostility
General George Crook
tried to force Crazy Horse to move away from his winter camp on the
Tongue and Powder rivers in Montana Territory, Crazy Horse
and his people wen