Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826
Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the U.S. from 1801 until
reproduction of the 1805 Rembrandt Peale
painting of Thomas Jefferson held by the New
York Historical Society
Before becoming president, Thomas Jefferson served as secretary of
state from 1789 until 1794 and as vice president from 1797 until
In 1797, the
XYZ Affair and the resulting
On March 4, 1801, Thomas Jefferson
took a walk to his swearing-in ceremony and delivered his
at the Senate Chamber, U.S. Capitol, Washington D.C.
Jefferson's father was
His mother was Jane
The woman in Jefferson's life was
Skelton, whom he married in 1772. Martha died in 1782.
Jefferson is most famous for his drafting of the
Louisiana Purchase was made during his term.
Thomas Jefferson was a quiet man with
a rather shy personality.
He was founder of the
Virginia. The year? 1819.
Jefferson's opinion of the Missouri Compromise
You are welcome to visit the
Memorial in Washington, D.C. It was dedicated on
April 13, 1943, at the 200th
anniversary of his birth.
Thomas Jefferson became famous as an advocate for
liberty. At the same time he received criticism for his racial
Here is an excerpt from the New
York Times article The Real Thomas Jefferson - The Monster of
Monticello, from November 30, 2012:
is, it is true, a compelling paradox about
Jefferson: when he wrote the Declaration of
Independence, announcing the "self-evident"
truth that all men are "created equal," he
owned some 175 slaves. Too often, scholars
and readers use those facts as a crutch, to
write off Jefferson’s inconvenient views as
products of the time and the complexities of
the human condition.
than encouraging his countrymen to liberate
their slaves, he opposed both private
manumission and public emancipation. Even at
his death, Jefferson failed to fulfill the
promise of his rhetoric: his will
emancipated only five slaves, all relatives
of his mistress Sally Hemings, and condemned
nearly 200 others to the auction block. Even
Hemings remained a slave, though her
children by Jefferson went free.
Jefferson told his neighbor Edward Coles not
to emancipate his own slaves, because free
blacks were "pests in society" who were "as
incapable as children of taking care of
themselves." And while he wrote a friend
that he sold slaves only as punishment or to
unite families, he sold at least 85 humans
in a 10-year period to raise cash to buy
wine, art and other luxury goods.
Destroying families didn’t bother Jefferson,
because he believed blacks lacked basic
human emotions. "Their griefs are
transient," he wrote, and their love lacked
"a tender delicate mixture of sentiment and
Jefferson claimed he had "never seen an
elementary trait of painting or sculpture"
or poetry among blacks and argued that
blacks’ ability to "reason" was "much
inferior" to whites’, while "in imagination
they are dull, tasteless, and anomalous." He
conceded that blacks were brave, but this
was because of "a want of fore-thought,
which prevents their seeing a danger till it
Read the entire article
Here is a
Map 1796 - 1968.
Governments in History Chart.