Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826


Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826

Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the U.S. from 1801 until 1809.

Image Above

Thomas Jefferson

Print, reproduction of the 1805 Rembrandt Peale painting of Thomas Jefferson held by the New York Historical Society

Library of Congress

Before becoming president, Thomas Jefferson served as secretary of state from 1789 until 1794 and as vice president from 1797 until 1801.

In 1797, the XYZ Affair and the resulting  Quasi War ensued.

On March 4, 1801, Thomas Jefferson took a walk to his swearing-in ceremony and delivered his Inaugural Address at the Senate Chamber, U.S. Capitol, Washington D.C.


Thomas Jefferson's Family

Jefferson's father was Peter Jefferson.

His mother was Jane Randolph Jefferson.

The woman in Jefferson's life was Martha Wayles Skelton, whom he married in 1772. Martha died in 1782.


Thomas Jefferson, 1743 - 1826


Thomas Jefferson's Highlights

Jefferson is most famous for his drafting of the Declaration of Independence.

The Louisiana Purchase was made during his term.

Thomas Jefferson was a quiet man with a rather shy personality.

He was founder of the University of Virginia. The year? 1819.

Here is Jefferson's opinion of the Missouri Compromise of 1820.



Thomas Jefferson memorial

You are welcome to visit the
Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C. It was dedicated on April 13, 1943, at the 200th anniversary of his birth.



Thomas Jefferson Controversy

Thomas Jefferson became famous as an advocate for liberty. At the same time he received criticism for his racial views.

Here is an excerpt from the New York Times article The Real Thomas Jefferson - The Monster of Monticello, from November 30, 2012:

There is, it is true, a compelling paradox about Jefferson: when he wrote the Declaration of Independence, announcing the "self-evident" truth that all men are "created equal," he owned some 175 slaves. Too often, scholars and readers use those facts as a crutch, to write off Jefferson’s inconvenient views as products of the time and the complexities of the human condition.


Rather than encouraging his countrymen to liberate their slaves, he opposed both private manumission and public emancipation. Even at his death, Jefferson failed to fulfill the promise of his rhetoric: his will emancipated only five slaves, all relatives of his mistress Sally Hemings, and condemned nearly 200 others to the auction block. Even Hemings remained a slave, though her children by Jefferson went free.


Jefferson told his neighbor Edward Coles not to emancipate his own slaves, because free blacks were "pests in society" who were "as incapable as children of taking care of themselves." And while he wrote a friend that he sold slaves only as punishment or to unite families, he sold at least 85 humans in a 10-year period to raise cash to buy wine, art and other luxury goods.

Destroying families didn’t bother Jefferson, because he believed blacks lacked basic human emotions. "Their griefs are transient," he wrote, and their love lacked "a tender delicate mixture of sentiment and sensation."

Jefferson claimed he had "never seen an elementary trait of painting or sculpture" or poetry among blacks and argued that blacks’ ability to "reason" was "much inferior" to whites’, while "in imagination they are dull, tasteless, and anomalous." He conceded that blacks were brave, but this was because of "a want of fore-thought, which prevents their seeing a danger till it be present."


Read the entire article



First President of the U.S.
George Washington 1789 - 1797
Second President of the U.S.
John Adams 1797 - 1801
Third President of the U.S.
Thomas Jefferson 1801 - 1809
Fourth President of the U.S.

James Madison

1809 - 1817
Fifth President of the U.S.
James Monroe 1817 - 1825
Sixth President of the U.S.
John Quincy Adams 1825 - 1829
Seventh President of the U.S. Andrew Jackson 1829 - 1837




Here is a
Thomas Jefferson timeline

Check the US Election Map 1796 - 1968.

Check Governments in History Chart.




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