Afonso de Albuquerque 1453 - 1515
Albuquerque, Engraving by Johann Adolf
Biblioteca Nacional Digital
Majorda Beach, Goa, India
Photo Alila Diwa
Copyright Michael Taylor
Afonso de Albuquerque had the
byname the Great. How
did he achieve this?
King John II of Portugal, from
1481 to 1495, and later King Manuel I of
Portugal, 1495 to 1521, aspired to establish commerce
with the East. That is, the East of the Old World. India in
To this end, the king of Portugal
advertised the following job opening:
Job title: Explorer / Conqueror
Portuguese monopoly on the Spice Trade
Risk for life
and limb: Very High
in own ranks: Plenty
A Portuguese military
man, Afonso de Albuquerque was able to present the required profile and off he went.
In the name of his country,
Albuquerque conquered the Muslim ruled Goa in 1510, and
Melaka (Malacca) in 1511 for his
On this map you can trace
Albuquerque's voyages. Look for the yellow lines between Arabia and
1340 - 1600 World Map
Afonso de Albuquerque
come to the territory
that is today's New Mexico?
Albuquerque, the city in Bernalillo
county, NM, was founded in 1706.
It is named after
de la Cueva Enríquez, Duque de Alburquerque, who was viceroy of New
Spain at the time.
People later omitted the first r.
And yes, he looks a bit like a nun.
Photo: National Park Service
And here is one more of the