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Second Northern War 1700-1721

The Second Northern War is also called the Great Northern War.


It lasted 21 years, whereas the
 First Northern War only lasted 5 years (1655 - 1660.)

 

Who Fought?

Russia, with  Peter the Great, Denmark, Norway, Saxony, and Poland fought against Sweden, led by  Charles XII, because they thought Sweden dominated the Baltic Sea too much.

One chapter in the Second Northern War was the  Russo-Turkish War, which was fought from 1710 - 1712.

The result of the Second Northern War? The Swedes lost.

And here is the map:

Great Northern War 1700-1721
Great Northern War 1700-1721
Click to enlarge



The
 Treaties of Stockholm were signed between 1719 and 1720.

The  Treaty of Frederiksborg was signed 1720.

The outcome of the Great Northern War was documented in the Treaty of Nystad, which was signed in 1721 and according to which Sweden lost Estonia, Livonia, Ingria, and part of Karelia to Russia.

Treaty Adjustments, 1713-1763. Treaties of Utrecht, Rastatt, Baden, Stockholm, Frederiksborg, Nystad, Passarowitz, Vienna, Belgrade, Breslau, Dresden, Aix-la-Chapelle, Paris, Hubertusburg. Insets: Acadia and Newfoundland. Eastern North America.
1713-1763 Treaties



BATTLES OF THE GREAT NORTHERN WAR


1709, July 8 -
 Battle of Poltava
Peter I the Great
of Russia turns this battle into a decisive victory over Charles XII of Sweden.


Here comes a map of the Baltic lands in 1701:

The Baltic Lands in 1701
THE BALTIC LANDS
1701
Click on image to enlarge



And this map is illustrating the wars of Charles XII and Peter the Great:

Europe - Illustrating Wars of Charles XII & Peter the Great
EUROPE 1700-1721
Click map to enlarge



And here is a
 timeline of the Great Northern War.


 

 

 

 

 

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