Carte des Gabelles / Map of the
(Originally, the gabelle was not only
levied on salt. There was a gabelle on wine,
a gabelle on linen etc. In the 15th century it became
known as the salt tax.)
1 Grandes gabelles
Provinces that paid high salt tax and were obligated to buy a
certain amount of salt,
whether they liked it or not (high blood pressure patients
rejoice.) These provinces were
Ile-de-France, Orléans, Berry, Bourbonnais, Nivernais, Burgundy,
Normandy, Maine, Anjou, and Touraine. However, within these
provinces existed locations
that were exempt, e.g. Paris and Versailles.
Provinces that paid the small salt tax were Lyonnais, Beaujolais,
Mâconnais, Bresse, Languedoc,
Provence, Roussillon, Velay, Forez, Montauban, and part of Riom. As
with the grandes gabelles,
there were locations exempt, like Arles etc.
3 Gabelles de salines
The provinces that got their salt from Franche-Comté, Lorraine,
Chaux, Salins, Montmorot,
Dieuze, Château-Salins, and Rozières, etc.
4 Pays de Quart Bouillon
Avranches, Coutances, Bayeux, Pont l'Evêque, etc.
5 Gabelles du Rethelois
Rethel, today's commune close to the Belgium border, northern
France. Its citizens are called Rethélois.
6 Provinces rédimées des gabelles
Poitou, Aunis Saintonge, Guyenne, Angoumois, Limousin, Marche, part
7 Provinces Franches
Free trade zones