Louis XIV 1638-1715
The Sun King. Absolutely.
Louis XIV was also called
Louis the Great or
The Sun King.
He became the image of the classic monarch with
supreme powers, the personification of
Detail from the
portrait of Louis XIV by Hyacinthe Rigaud, who
created this artwork in 1701.
Museo Nacional del
Louis ruled France for 72 years under his slogan
L'État C'est Moi
(I Am the State)
Possessing a love for all things refined, he stood
in stark contrast to the rustic and sturdy medieval rulers.
Louis brought Versailles to its glorious days. He survived
devastating personal calamities with dignity. Louis had numerous
love affairs, enjoyed gambling, entertaining, and dancing. He even
established the Royal Academy of Dance.
Fame and France were Louis's
Louis XIV — The Sun King
Louis chose the sun as his royal symbol. Many parallels may be
found, i.e. everything revolved around Louis, the brilliance of his
And here is a map of the territorial acquisitions during the reign
of Louis XIV:
The Family of Louis XIV
Louis's parents were
Louis XIII and
Anne of Austria.
The brother of Louis XIV was
Philippe I de France, duke d'Orléans.
In 1660, Louis XIV married Marie-Thérèse of Austria who died 1683.
In 1684, he married
Françoise Scarron, a poor author's widow, who
Louis' son was Louis, Dauphin de Viennois, Grand Dauphin (son of Marie-Thérèse.)
Louis had many other illegitimate children.
Picture R & L Akerson.
Château de Versailles. Louis XIV
transformed the former hunting
lodge of Louis XIII into a breathtaking royal residence.
Here is more about Louis'
House of Bourbon.
Louis XIV — Military Campaigns
Under Louis XIV,
served in the French army. Originally, this
dignity had been reserved for only one marshal
at the time.
1667 - 1668 War of
Louis XIV makes war in Spain and conquers a large part of the Spanish