Frederick II 1194-1250
Frederick and his
Frederick II got excommunicated twice: once in 1227 and
then again in 1239.
His portfolio was impressive:
King of Sicily, Duke of Swabia, German King, Holy Roman
emperor, and participant in the Sixth
Crusade, which brought him another title, King of Jerusalem.
Fred's grandfather was the famous
Frederick I Barbarossa.
His mother was Empress
In 1209, Fred
married Constance of Aragon. Constance died and Fred moved on.
He married Isabella of Brienne in 1225, who died in 1228. Fred married
again, this time Isabella of England. The year: 1235.
The popes wanted Frederick to fight in the crusades.
But Frederick hesitated because he had quite some battles of his own to fight at home.
Gregory IX had had it and excommunicated Fred for not going on Crusade.
Frederick went on Crusade in 1228 and managed to recapture
Jerusalem. It was a big victory.
And here is the map of Frederick's crusade
CRUSADE OF FREDERICK II
Click map to enlarge
In 1230, the pope annulled Frederick's excommunication. In 1239, the pope
issued another one.
Frederick had two sons
of interest: Henry
VII and Conrad IV.