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HOME   -   HISTORIC DOCUMENTS   -   TREATY OF PARIS 1783

 
   


Well Worth Cutting the Trees: The Very Treaty-of-Paris-Signature Desk
Well Worth Cutting the Trees: The Very Treaty-of-Paris-Signature Desk

 

Treaty of Paris — September 3, 1783

This treaty is part of the 1783 Peace of Paris, also called the 1783 Peace of Versailles.

This is the main article.

Go here for the
English transcript of the treaty.


Image Above

The U.S. State Department tells us:

It was on this desk that the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783 ending the American Revolutionary War.

The desk was in the Paris apartments of the British Commissioner, David Hartley, who was negotiating on behalf of England.

On the morning of September 3, 1783, Mr. Hartley invited the American negotiators, John Jay, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin, to come to his apartments and sign the Treaty of Paris, establishing American independence.

 


The Peace Treaty

The Treaty of Paris 1783 ended the American War of Independence (1775-1783) between its two main contestants, Great Britain and the United States of America.

 

Who Signed the Treaty of Paris 1783?

David Hartley
for Great Britain

and

John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay
for the United States

 

When Was This Treaty Signed and Ratified?

Preliminary articles were signed at Paris on November 30, 1782.

The final treaty was signed at Paris on September 3, 1783.

The United States ratified it on January 14, 1784.

Great Britain ratified it on April 9, 1784.

Ratifications were exchanged on May 12, 1784, at Paris.

 

What Was Agreed Upon?

:: Great Britain recognized not only the independence of its former colonies, now the United States, but also their claim to all territory east of the Mississippi River.
 
:: The boundary between British Canada and the United States was defined.
 
:: Fishing rights off Newfoundland, Labrador, and the Magdalen Islands were settled.
 
:: Navigation of the Mississippi River was to remain free and open to both, Great Britain and the United States.
 
:: Debt collectors of both countries were not to be hindered in the execution of their duties, which in practice meant that British debt collectors were not to be hassled while going after pre-war debts.
 
:: American loyalists, i.e. Americans who fought for or supported Britain during the war, were to be treated fairly, and their confiscated property was to be restored.

 

Original Copies of the 1783 Treaty of Paris

The National Archives and Records Administration notes:

Many treaty documents, however, can be considered as originals.

In this case, for example, the United States and British representatives signed at least three originals, two of which are in the holdings of the National Archives.

On one of the signed originals the signatures and wax seals are arranged horizontally; on the other they are arranged vertically.

In addition, handwritten certified copies were made for the use of Congress.

 

Jay Treaty 1794

Both, the United States and Great Britain, failed to adhere to this 1783 Treaty of Paris. The Jay Treaty, signed on November 19, 1794, was concluded to pick up the slack.

 

Maps

Here are the United States' territorial acquisitions simplified and in a nutshell:

Map of the United States: Territorial Acquisitions
Map of the United States: Territorial Acquisitions
Humboldt State University

 

For more maps see 1783 Peace of Paris

 


 

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