Background of the
The Creeks allied with the
British in the
War of 1812.
It was not that simple, however. The
Creek Nation was divided and factions fought on both sides in the
As a response to the Ft. Mims
Massacre on August 30, 1813, carried out by Creek Indians,
Andrew Jackson led his troops against the tribe in
Alabama and Georgia.
The main and final battle of this war
was the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on March 27, 1814, in which
over 800 Creeks were killed.
The consequences of this defeat were severe.
On August 9, 1814, the
Treaty of Fort Jackson was
signed, by which the Creeks ceded 23 million acres of land to the
U.S. (more than half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia).