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HOME   -   PEOPLE IN HISTORY A-Z   -   JAMES I

 
   


James I  1566-1625

 

James I  1566-1625

Above image:

King James I

St Edmundsbury Borough Council West Suffolk



As James VI, and from 1567 until 1625, he was the king of Scotland.

As James I, and from 1603 until 1625, he was the king of England. James preferred the title King of Great Britain.

King James I did well in Scotland, but not so well in England.

 

James I, 1566 - 1625




The Family of James I

James' father was Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley. His mother was Mary, Queen of Scots. Thus James became the first ruler of the Stuarts to rule over England.


In 1589, James married Anne, daughter of Frederick II of Denmark.

Their sons were Henry, Charles, and Elizabeth.

 

James' Way to the Throne

The Scottish had enough of their queen Mary and forced her to abdicate in 1567. Wee James, just one year old, became king of Scotland. The Erskine brothers looked after him.

Later in life, James had to make up his mind whose side he wanted to take:

The ones in favor of the Roman Catholic faith,
an alliance with France, and his mother

OR

The ones in favor of the Protestant faith,
and an alliance with England.


What to do?

James himself was a Presbyterian.

Another factor worth considering was that Elizabeth I of England was without an heir. Now, James' great-grandmother, Margaret Tudor, was Henry VIII's elder sister. It could work.

 

In 1586, James allied himself with the English.

In 1587, James' mother was executed by orders of Elizabeth I. James was cool as a cucumber.

In 1603, James followed Elizabeth I to the throne.

 

James' Life — Some Highlights

In 1604, James authorized a new Bible translation, the Authorized Version or the King James Version.

In 1605, James' spies discovered Guy Fawkes and his gunpowder plot.

In 1607, Jamestown was founded and in 1616 James met Pocahontas.

 

James's son Charles followed him to the throne as Charles I.

 

See also Governments of Great Britain

 

 

 

 



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