Negapatnam, Port City in Southeastern India, Becomes Officially British
Negapatnam, Port City in Southeastern India, Becomes Officially British


Treaty of Paris — May 20, 1784:
Transcript English Translation

This treaty is part of the 1783 Peace of Paris, also called the 1783 Peace of Versailles.

It follows the English translation of the treaty.

For more information about the treaty see Treaty of Paris 1784


Image Above

View of Negapatnam, also spelled Nagapattinam or Nagappattinam, on the Coromandel Coast

Anonymous engraving, 1676

Maritime Museum Rotterdam

The Definitive Treaty of Peace and Friendship between his Majesty the King of Great Britain and their High Mightinesses the States General of the United Provinces of the Low Countries

In the name of the most holy and undivided Trinity, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. So be it.

Be it known to all those whom it shall or may in any manner concern. The most Serene and most Potent Prince and Lord George the Third, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg, Arch-Treasurer and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire etc. and the High and Mighty Lords the States General of the United Provinces of the Low Countries, having laid the foundation of peace by the preliminary articles signed at Paris the second of September last; and his said Majesty and the said States General being desirous to complete so great and salutary a work, have named and authorized to wit, on the part of his Britannic Majesty, Daniel Hailes, Esq. his said Majesty's Minister Plenipotentiary to his most Christian Majesty; and on the part of their High Mightinesses the said States General, the most Noble and most Excellent Lords Mathew Lestevenon, Lord of Berkenroode and Stryen, Deputy to the States General of the United Provinces of the Low Countries from the province of Holland, and their Ambassador in Ordinary to his Majesty the most Christian King, and Gerard Brantsen, Burgomaster and Senator of the city of Arnheim, Counselor and Grand Master of the Mint of the Republic, Deputy to the States General of the United Provinces, and their Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to his most Christian Majesty: who, after having duly communicated to each other their full powers in good form, have agreed upon the following articles.

I. There shall be a Christian, universal, and perpetual peace, as well by sea as by land, and a sincere and constant friendship shall be re-established, between his Britannic Majesty, his heirs and successors, kingdoms, dominions, and subjects, and their High Mightinesses the said States General, and their dominions and subjects, of what quality or condition soever they be, without exception either of places of persons, so that the high contracting parties shall give the greatest attention to the maintaining between themselves, and their said dominions and subjects, this reciprocal friendship and intercourse, without permitting hereafter, on either part, any kind of hostilities to be committed, either by sea or by land, for any cause or under any pretence whatsoever: and they shall carefully avoid, for the future, every thing which might prejudice the union happily re-established, endeavouring, on the contrary, to procure reciprocally for each other, on every occasion, whatever may contribute to their mutual glory, interests, and advantage, without giving any assistance or protection, directly or indirectly, to those who would do any injury to either of the high contracting parties. There shall be a general oblivion of every thing which may have been done or committed, before or since the commencement of the war which is just ended.

II. With respect to the honours of the flag, and the salute at sea, by the ships of the Republic towards those of his Britannic Majesty, the same custom shall be respectively followed, as was practised before the commencement of the war which is just concluded.

III. All the prisoners taken on either side, as well by land as by sea, and the hostages carried away or given during the war, and who have not yet been restored, conformably to the preliminary treaty, shall be restored as soon as possible, without ransom; each Power respectively discharging the advances which shall have been made, for the subsistence and maintenance of their prisoners, by the Sovereign of the country where they shall have been detained, according to the receipts, attested accounts, and other authentic vouchers, which shall be furnished on each side: and sureties shall be reciprocally given for the payment of the debts which the prisoners may have contracted in the countries where they may have been detained until their entire release. And all ships, as well men of war as merchant-ships, which may have been taken since the expiration of the terms agreed upon for the cessation of hostilities by sea, shall likewise be restored, bona fide, with all their crews and cargoes: and the execution of this article shall be proceeded upon immediately after the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty.

IV. The States General of the United Provinces cede and guaranty, in full right, to his Britannic Majesty, the town of Negapatnam, with the dependencies thereof; but in consideration of the importance which the States General of the United Provinces annex to the possession of the aforesaid town, the King of Great Britain, as a proof of his good-will towards the said States, promises, notwithstanding this cession, to receive and treat with them for the restitution of the said town, in case the Lords the States should hereafter have an equivalent to offer him.

V. The King of Great Britain shall restore to the States General of the United Provinces, Trinquemale, as also all the other towns, forts, harbours, and settlements, which, in the course of the war, have been conquered, in any part of the world whatever, by the arms of his Britannic Majesty, or by those of the English East India Company, and of which he should be in possession; the whole in the condition in which they shall be found.

VI. The States General of the United Provinces promise and engage not to obstruct the navigation of the British subjects in the Eastern seas.

VII. Whereas differences have arisen between the English African Company, and the Dutch West India Company, relative to the navigation on the coasts of Africa, as also on the subject of Cape Apollonia; for preventing all cause of complaint between the subjects of the two nations on those coasts, it is agreed that commissaries shall be named, on each side, to make suitable arrangements on these points.

VIII. All the countries and territories which may have been, or which may be conquered, in any part of the world whatsoever, by the arms of his Britannic Majesty, as well as by those of the States General, which are not included in the present treaty, neither under the head of Cessions, nor under the head of Restitutions, shall be restored without difficulty, and without requiring any compensation.

IX. Whereas by the ninth article of the preliminary treaty, a period was stipulated and appointed, by the high contracting parties, for the restitutions and evacuations to be made, on each side, of the towns, fortresses and territories which might have been conquered by their respective arms, and of which they should be in possession, excepting such as had been ceded; and whereas the term specified in the aforesaid ninth article is already expired, the high contracting parties engage reciprocally and bona fide to observe the said stipulations, and in case, by any accident or otherwise, the cessions and restitutions therein comprised should not have taken place, to expedite immediately the necessary orders, to the end that there may be no further delay in the accomplishment of the said stipulations.

X. His Britannic Majesty and their High Mightinesses the aforesaid States General, promise to observe sincerely, and bona fide, all the articles contained and established in this present treaty; and they will not suffer the same to be infringed, directly or indirectly, by their respective subjects: and the said high contracting parties guaranty to each other, generally and reciprocally, all the stipulations of the present articles.

XI. The solemn ratifications of the present treaty, prepared in good and due form, shall be exchanged in this city of Paris, between the high contracting parties, in the space of one month, or sooner, if it can be done, to be computed from the day of the signature of the present treaty.

In witness whereof, we the under-written, their ambassadors and ministers plenipotentiary, have signed with our hands, in their names, and by virtue of our full powers, the present definitive treaty, and have caused the seals of our arms to be affixed thereto.

Done at Paris the 20th of May, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four.

Daniel Hailes (L.S.)

Lestevenon van Berkenrode (L.S.)

Brantsen (L.S.)



Separate Article

I. It has been agreed and determined, that the French language, made use of in all the copies of the present treaty, shall not form an example which may be alleged, or quoted as a precedent, or, in any manner, prejudice either of the contracting Powers; and that they shall conform, for the future, to what has been observed, and ought to be observed, with regard to, and on the part of Powers, who are in the practice and possession of giving and receiving copies of like treaties in a different language from the French; the present treaty having, nevertheless, the same force and virtue as if the aforesaid practice had been therein observed.

Done at Paris, the twentieth of May, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four.

Daniel Hailes (L.S.)

Lestevenon van Berkenrode (L.S.)

Brantsen (L.S.)




Source: A Collection of Treaties Between Great Britain and Other Powers
by George Chalmers, Esq., Vol I., London, 1790




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