Pol Pot 1925-1998
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Pol Pot (not Paul Pot) was the
alias of Saloth Sar.
Pol Pot was a mass murderer. When he
came to power in 1975, Cambodia had an approx. population of 7.3
million. Four years later, by 1979, Pol Pot had managed to kill
million of his fellow countrymen.
Adolf Hitler killed 12 million
people who, for one reason or another, didn't fit into his plans. Of
these 12 million, 6 million were Jews and 2.5 million were Soviet
prisoners of war.
Stalin's victims were also counted in tens of millions.
So yes, Pol was up there in the big
What did he fight for or against?
Pol Pot was leader of the radical communist movement Khmer Rouge,
which is French and means Red Khmer. Why a French word?
Because the French were running the country from 1863 to 1941.
The Khmer Rouge waged
overthrew the government of Lon Nol in 1975 and established
their own Democratic Kampuchea.
What's a Khmer?
A native Cambodian. It is also the name of the official Cambodian
1930 Education in Phnom Penh, carpenter
1949 Studies radio electronics in Paris
1953 Back to Phnom Penh
1956 - 1963 Education at a private school in Phnom Penh
1963 Leaves Phnom Penh as police suspect his communist activities
1975 - 1979 Dictator
1979 Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia, Pol continues guerrilla war
1997 under house arrest
At the end of Pol Pot's life, the map of
his country looked like this:
MAP OF CAMBODIA 1997
Click map to enlarge
POL POT TRIVIA
In 2003, Pol's wife Khieu Ponnary died at the age of 83. She
had met Pol in Paris in 1951. In 1956 they had married.
June 2007 - Khmer Rouge on trial. Judges
and international human rights officials come together in Cambodia's
capital Phnom Penh, ready to start the Khmer Rouge trials but can't
agree on the rules for the procedure.
Human Rights in History