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HOME   -   PEOPLE IN HISTORY A-Z   -   OLIVER CROMWELL

 
   


Oliver Cromwell 1599-1658

 

Oliver Cromwell 1599-1658

Image above:

Oliver Cromwell

Painting by by Robert Walker
National Portrait Gallery, London


 

Oliver Cromwell was an English soldier. He ruled the country from 1653 to 1658.

 

Oliver Cromwell's Life in a Nutshell

Born in Huntingdon, England, Oliver lived 59 years during which he was, among other things, serving as Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland.


Oliver Cromwell's hobbies were studying and learning, reading his Bible, hunting, music (especially listening to the organ). He had a good eye for horses.

 

Oliver Cromwell's Family

Cromwell's wife was Elizabeth Bourchier. Together they had nine children (five sons and four daughters.)

Oliver Cromwell's father was Robert Cromwell, a member of Queen Elizabeth's parliament. His mother was Elizabeth Steward.


The Cromwells were originally Williams's. It came about like this:

Oliver Cromwell's great-great-grandfather, Morgan Williams, married the sister of Thomas Cromwell. Thomas was
Henry VIII's chief adviser. After this marriage, the family took on the name Cromwell.

 

Oliver Cromwell's Career

Oliver Cromwell was a very good military organizer and soldier. He emphasized the importance of having discipline in the army. But he was also a kind and tolerant man and cared for his soldiers. He was devoted to his family.

 

On April 20, 1653, Oliver Cromwell, with military backup, dismissed the Rump Parliament, also called the Long Parliament, with a fiery speech. Go here for the  Dismissal of the Rump Parliament speech.

 

One of Oliver's weaknesses was that he failed to train his son Richard sufficiently. Richard was appointed as Oliver Cromwell's successor but the kid made some bad decisions and finally had to abdicate.

 

Oliver Cromwell's Accomplishments

Cromwell helped overthrowing the Stuart monarchy, signed King Charles' death warrant, and brought stability to the country after the English Civil Wars.

During Cromwell's reign, religious toleration was practiced. The education of his fellow citizens was of special concern to him.

 

Oliver Cromwell's Slogan

"Necessity hath no law."


 

 

Here is Oliver Cromwell's timeline.

 

 

 

 

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