Matilda of Canossa 1046-1115
Matilda had a castle at Canossa,
which is a village in the regione of Emilia-Romagna,
Matilda was also called Matilda the
Great Countess, or Matilda, countess of Tuscany.
Why should you care?
Because it was in her living room that
Holy Roman emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII met.
The year? 1077.
And this is a map of Italy in 1050:
ITALY IN 1050
Click map to enlarge