Godfrey of Bouillon 1060 (?) - 1100
The French called him Godefroi de Bouillon.
From 1089 until 1100, Godfrey was officially
Godfrey IV, the duke of Lower Lorraine.
Godfrey was one of the leaders of the
Godfrey's father was Eustace II, count of Boulogne.
mother was Ida d'Ardenne, the daughter of Godfrey II,
duke of Lower Lorraine.
Godfrey's brothers were Eustace
and Baldwin. The brothers went on the First Crusade together.
Having taken Jerusalem, the Crusaders
attempted to make
king of Jerusalem. When Raymond refused they tried to make Godfrey king of Jerusalem. Godfrey took the crown
but refused to be called king.
So they called him Defender of the
Holy Sepulcher instead. In Latin, Godfrey's new title was
Advocatus Sancti Sepulchri.
Sometimes, Godfrey is referred to as the
Defender of Jerusalem.
When Godfrey died in July 1100, his
brother Baldwin succeeded him as Defender of the Holy Sepulcher.
Five months later, Baldwin also accepted the title of king of
Jerusalem. The exact words of his acceptance speech are believed to have been, "Ah, what the
heck, might as well."
And here is the map
Europe and the Mediterranean Lands
Click map to enlarge