Adam Philippe de Custine 1740-1793
Comte de Custine, Commander in chief of the Army
of the Rhine in 1792
Detail of the
painting by Joseph Désiré Court
© Direction des
Musées de France
Custine was a French general.
He served in the
Seven Years' War and
against the English in the
In 1791, Custine was appointed lieutenant-general of the army of the Vosges. He won the
Battle of Spires in
September 1792, and took Worms, Mainz, and
Frankfurt in October 1792.
The Prussian army forced Custine
to retreat during the winter of 1792-93. He lost Frankfurt
on December 2, 1792, and Hochheim on January 6, 1793.
1792-1795 Eastern France
Custine ended up on the
guillotine, after the Revolutionary Tribunal found him
guilty of having intrigued with the enemies of the Republic.
He was executed on August 28,