Historians rate it as the decisive battles of the war, because they
marked the turning point of the Revolution in favor of the
THE GENERAL IDEA BEHIND THE SARATOGA CAMPAIGN
from the Columbia Encyclopedia:
Lord George Germain
and John Burgoyne were the chief authors of a plan to end the
American Revolution by splitting the colonies along the Hudson
Burgoyne was to advance south from
Canada along Lake Champlain to Albany, where he would join Sir
William Howe, advancing north from New York City up the Hudson,
and Barry St. Leger, coming east along the Mohawk River.
Howe, however, became engaged in the
campaign against Philadelphia, and Sir Henry Clinton, who
assumed the command in New York City, never reached Albany.
---> End quote.
The Battles of Saratoga were:
First Battle of Saratoga -
September 19, 1777
Also called the First Battle of Freeman's Farm.
Second Battle of Saratoga -
October 7, 1777
Also called the Second Battle of Freeman's Farm or the Battle of
Saratoga Campaign 1777