Historical Map of the Caliphate
Conquests of the Arabs (
Saracens) up to the death
- Conquests of the Arabs under the first three Califs, 632-656
- Conquests of the Arabs under the Ommiad Califs, 661-750
- Boundary of the Califate (see also
- Boundary of the East Roman (Byzantine) Empire (
The dates are those of conquest
University of Texas at Austin.
Historical Atlas by William Shepherd (1923-26).
About the Battle of Tours
Map of Europe 8-10th Century: Invasions
Map of the Byzantine Empire 1265-1355
Map of the Carolingian and Byzantine Empires
and the Califate about 814
Map of the Byzantine Empire in 1355