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Cambyses II  (died 522 BC)

 

Cambyses II  (died 522 BC)

Image above:

Cambises Pers Rex

Cambyses the Second, King of Persia

From the book Promptuarii iconum insigniorum seculo hominum, subiectis eorum vitis, per compendium ex probatissimis autoribus desumptis, printed by Guillaume Rouille, Lyon, 1553




Cambyses II was the eldest son of
Cyrus the Great and a member of the  Achaemenian Dynasty.

According to Herodotus, his mother was Cassandane. According to Ctesias, his mother was Amytis.

 

We don't know exactly when Cambyses II was born, but he ruled as the King of Persia from 529 to 522 B.C.

Before becoming king in 529 B.C., Cambyses II represented his father at the famous New Year festival at Babylon. Babylon had been conquered by his father in 539 B.C.

His father made him coregent over Babylon and officially appointed him King of Babylon in 530 B.C.

 

The Victories of Cambyses II

Cambyses' triumph over Egypt:

The campaign to conquer Egypt had already been on Cyrus II's mind, who planned it all out.

In 525 B.C. Cambyses II executed the plan successfully and defeated Egypt's Psamtik III after laying siege to Memphis, in Egypt, where Psamtik and his men had barricaded themselves.

If you want to believe Herodotus, Cambyses II was a mad man and behaved as such during his conquest of Egypt. Today's historians think this report is largely an invention.

Cambyses II was on the roll and ready to conquer Ethiopia. But logistics presented a problem shortly after he annexed the northern part of the country.

 

The Death of Cambyses II

There were reports of riots in Syria and Cambyses II decided to leave Egypt to take care of the situation. And that is where he died in 522 B.C.

How did he die? We don't know.

Regarding the succession to the throne after Cambyses II's death, see the  notes on Cyrus II.

 

 

 

 

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